Amos 0001 - Lesson 1

Attached Audio: 

The Book of Amos

Introduction

  1. THE HUMAN AUTHOR
    1. His Name
      1. The name Amos means “burden-bearer.”
      2. Mentioned by name seven times within the Book of Amos (Amos 1:1; Amos 7:8, 10, 11, 12, 14; Amos 8:2).
    2. His Hometown
      1. Amos was among the herdmen of Tekoa (Amos 1:1).
      2. Tekoa was built by Rehoboam the son of Solomon (2 Chronicles 11:5-6).
      3. Tekoa was a fenced city (2 Chronicles 11:6, 10).
      4. Tekoa was a place of wilderness (2 Chronicles 20:20).
      5. Only three verses mention Tekoa before Amos comes on the scene and no verses mention Tekoa when Amos leaves the scene.
    3. His Occupation
      1. Amos was among the herdmen of Tekoa (Amos 1:1).
      2. This position was not one of glory, but a job of a servant (Genesis 13:7-8; 1 Samuel 21:7).
      3. Amos was also a gatherer of sycomore fruit (Amos 7:14).
      4. This is consistent with other God-called men.
        1. Moses was on the backside of the desert when God called unto him a second time (Exodus 3:1-6).
        2. Gideon was in the threshing floor when God called him (Judges 6:11-16).
        3. David was with his “few sheep” when God called him (1 Samuel 16:11-13).
        4. Elisha was plowing a field when God called him (1 Kings 19:19-20).
        5. Simon and Andrew were casting a net when God called him (Matthew 4:18-19).
        6. Note:  “It is important to observe that only he who has thus learned of God in the school of obscurity is likely to shine in the blaze of publicity”- taken from Notes on the Minor Prophets by H. A. Ironside page 142.
    4. His Calling
      1. The origin of his calling
        1. Not by lineage (Amos 7:14)
          1. Not previously a prophet
          2. Not a son of a prophet
        2. By God Himself (Amos 7:15-16)
          1. The Lord called Amos.
          2. The Lord sent Amos.
          3. The Lord gave Amos the message.
      2. The place of his calling
        1. Amos was from the southern kingdom of Judah (Amos 1:1; 2 Chronicles 11:5-10; Amos 7:12).
        2. Amos has been sent with a message for the northern kingdom of Israel (Amos 1:1).
        3. Amos is asked to leave Bethel and go back to Judah (Amos 7:13).
      3. The time of his calling
        1. During the reigns of Uzziah and Jeroboam (son of Joash) (Amos 1:1)
          1. Uzziah the King of Judah (2 Chronicles 26)
            1. Uzziah became king at sixteen years old (2 Chronicles 26:3).
            2. Uzziah reigned fifty-two years in Jerusalem (2 Chronicles 26:3).
            3. Also called Azariah (2 Kings 14:21-22; 2 Kings 15:1-2)
            4. His mother’s name was Jecholiah (2 Kings 15:2; 2 Chronicles 26:3).
          2. Jeroboam (son of Joash) the King of Israel
            1. Began to reign in the fifteenth year of Amaziah king of Judah (2 Kings 14:23)
            2. Reigned forty-one years in Samaria (2 Kings 14:23)
            3. In the twenty-seventh year of Jeroboam, Uzziah (Azariah) began to reign in Judah (2 Kings 15:1-2).
            4. The later years of Jeroboam’s reign were prosperous years and this can be seen in the Book of Amos (Amos 3:15; Amos 5:11; Amos 6:4-8).
        2. Two years before the earthquake (Amos 1:1)
          1. This must have been a notable event for it is mentioned nearly 200 years later in Zechariah (Zechariah 14:4-5).
          2. Zechariah 14 connects the earthquake with the days of Uzziah without mentioning Jeroboam.
          3. Josephus connects the earthquake with the time when Uzziah thought to take to himself the office of the priest (2 Chronicles 26:14-21).
        3. During a time of peace (Amos 6:1-13)
        4. During a time of pleasures (Amos 5:11-12; Amos 6:4-6)
        5. During the ministries of other men of God
          1. Possibly during the ministry of Hosea (Hosea 1:1)
          2. Possibly during the ministry of Jonah (2 Kings 14:25)
          3. Possibly during the ministry of Isaiah (Isaiah 1:1)
      4. The message of his calling
        1. A message of sin committed (Amos 1:3, 6, 9, 11, 13; Amos 2:1, 4)
        2. A message of the end of the longsuffering of God (Amos 2:13)
        3. A message of God’s judgment (Amos 1:4, 7, 10, 12, 14; Amos 2:2)
        4. A message of future restoration (Amos 9:13-15)
    5. His Boldness
      1. Amaziah, the priest of Bethel, tells King Jeroboam that Amos has conspired against him (Amos 7:10).
      2. Amaziah tells Amos to go back to Judah (Amos 7:12).
      3. Amos rebukes Amaziah with the word of God (Amos 7:14-17).
      4. At one point Bethel had been the location where Elijah and Elisha dealt with the “sons of the prophets” (2 Kings 2:3).
      5. Consider the words of Charles Wesley:                        Shall I, to soothe the unholy throng,                              Soften Thy truth or smooth thy tongue,                         To gain earth’s gilded toys, or flee                                The cross endured, my Lord, by Thee?                       
  2. BREAKDOWN OF THE BOOK
    1. The Delivery of the Book
      1. The book begins with the phrase “the words of Amos” and Amos l:2 begins with the words “And he said” speaking of Amos, yet at least fifteen times Amos credits his words to the words of God.
      2. This is common and actually fits the detail of how we got the word of God according to the New Testament (2 Peter 1:21).
    2. The Statistics
      1. 9 chapters
      2. 146  verses
        1. Chapter 1 – 15 verses
        2. Chapter 2 – 16 verses
        3. Chapter 3 – 15 verses
        4. Chapter 4 – 13 verses
        5. Chapter 5 – 27 verses
        6. Chapter 6 – 14 verses
        7. Chapter 7 – 17 verses
        8. Chapter 8 – 14 verses
        9. Chapter 9 – 15 verses
      3. 4,216 words
        1. Chapter 1 – 455 words
        2. Chapter 2 – 441 words
        3. Chapter 3 – 397 words
        4. Chapter 4 – 432 words
        5. Chapter 5 – 658 words
        6. Chapter 6 – 399 words
        7. Chapter 7 – 471 words
        8. Chapter 8 – 414 words
        9. Chapter 9 – 549 words
      4. 30th book in the Bible
Andrew Ray

Daily Proverb

Proverbs 22:7

The rich ruleth over the poor, and the borrower is servant to the lender.