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Doctrine of God 0001 - Lesson 6

  1. THE NAMES OF GOD (Continued)
    1. Primary Names: The Old Testament uses three primary names for God. In the English, they are usually seen as God, Lord, and LORD.  NOTE:  The Jews often refer to God simply as Hashem, which means The Name. (Continued)
      1. LORD (Continued)
        1. Jehovah is the unique name of God. Other names, like God and Lord, may be used at times of other beings (1 Corinthians 8:5); but Jehovah is the name that refers only to the God of the Bible (Psalm 83:18).
        2. Jehovah is primarily the self-sufficient God. He is the source of His own existence. He is independent of all other existence and would be Himself even if nothing else existed.
          1. He revealed Himself to Moses as the great I AM (Exodus 3:13-15). He calls Himself. I AM THAT I AM. This is an identification of who the LORD is.
          2. According to John 5:26, "the Father hath life in himself." That is, the life of God comes from God. According to John 5:26, "the Father hath life in himself." That is, the life of God comes from God.
          3. Of Him scripture declares, "Who only hath immortality" (1 Timothy 6:16). Only God has full control over His own existence.
          4. God powerfully proclaims His own existence in Deuteronomy 32:40 - “For I lift up my hand to heaven, and say, I live for ever." Coming from anyone other than God, this would be the ravings of a madman. From God, it is simply the truth.
          5. Seven times in the Bible, God declares Himself to be the first and the last (Isaiah 41:4; Isaiah 44:6; Isaiah 48:12; Revelation 1:11, 17; Revelation 2:8; Revelation 22:13). Nothing came before Him and nothing will exist beyond Him.
          6. Thirty times the scriptures refer to him as the “living God” (Deuteronomy 5:26 [first reference]; 1 Samuel 17:36; Psalm 42:2; Jeremiah 10:10; Jeremiah 23:36; Daniel 6:20; John 6:69; 2 Corinthians 3:3; 1 Timothy 3:15; 1 Timothy 4:10; Revelation 7:2 [last reference]).
        3. Since the LORD is the only true (the unique) God and the self-sufficient God, He is also the Redeemer God (Exodus 6:6; Deuteronomy 7:8; Deuteronomy 21:8; 2 Samuel 4:9; Psalm 19:14; Isaiah 43:14; Isaiah 44:24; Isaiah 47:4; Isaiah 63:16). This trinity of meaning reveals the significance of the name LORD.
          1. The only true God (Psalm 83:18)
          2. The living God (Jeremiah 10:10) – the great I AM (Exodus 3:14)
          3. The Redeemer (Isaiah 47:4)
        4. God is not fully known as LORD until the one knowing Him has experienced redemption by Him. This explains the significance of Exodus 6:1-8. The patriarchs knew the name JEHOVAH, but they did not truly know Him by that name. They knew, or experienced, Him as God Almighty (Genesis 17:1; Genesis 28:3; Genesis 35:11), as the God who proved Himself mighty in provision and protection. However, it was only after the bondage of Egypt and the deliverance from that land to the land of promise by their Redeemer that they could truly know Him as LORD. Only those who have been redeemed from bondage can fully know God as LORD. Not only was He revealed as such to Israel (Exodus 6:3); He offers this revelation of Himself to all men (Psalm 83:18).
    2. Names Compounded with God [The following list is not comprehensive. However, it contains the most common titles, other significant titles, and examples of several descriptive titles. Each of these titles could be studied in depth in order to understand the fullness of God’s revelation of Himself in that title. This demonstrates that the study of God can be a lifelong work.]
      1. Almighty God or the Almighty
        1. Scripturally, the title is used in several contexts.
          1. This is the name by which God revealed Himself to Abraham and the patriarchs (Genesis 17:1; Genesis 28:3; Genesis 35:11; Genesis 43:14; Genesis 48:3; Exodus 6:3). In these passages, the Almighty God is the One who blesses and provides for His chosen people (Genesis 17:1-2; Genesis 28:3; Genesis 35:11; Genesis 48:3; Genesis 49:25). Evidently, the all-mightiness of God refers to His ability to help His people who look to Him.
          2. Balaam’s vision of blessing for the children of Israel is called “the vision of the Almighty” (Numbers 24:4, 16).
          3. God is called the Almighty 31 times in the book of Job (Almighty in reference to God is only found 57 times in the entire Bible).
            1. Job was certainly written around the time of Abraham. That would explain the title being common to both.
            2. However, Job was not of God’s chosen people. Therefore, the Almighty in Job is only partially the God of blessing. In this book, much emphasis is placed on the Almighty being the God of judgment (Job 5:17; Job 8:3; Job 21:20; Job 27:13; Job 34:12). He is too high to be comprehended by man (Job 11:7; Job 37:23) and is not impressed with our righteousness (Job 21:15; Job 22:3). Yet despite His height, Job is confident that the Almighty would hear him out and make things right (Job 13:3; Job 31:35).
          4. In the Psalms, the Almighty will scatter kings in judgment (Psalm 68:14), but will place the faithful under His shadow (Psalm 91:1).
          5. In the prophets, the Almighty brings destruction (Isaiah 13:6; Joel 1:15) and reveals His glory to Ezekiel (Ezekiel 1:24).
          6. God is called the Almighty eight times in Revelation. Five of these references are to the Lord God Almighty. In Revelation, He is the eternal One who was, is, and is to come (Revelation 1:8; Revelation 4:8; Revelation 11:17) and the God of wrath (Revelation 16:14; Revelation 19:15).
      2. Most High or Most High God
        1. God is referred to as the most high God eleven times in scripture (in addition to other times as the most high, the most High, God most high, and the LORD most high for a total of 49 uses of “most high.”
        2. The references emphasize the power of God over all to rule and to work in the world and in the lives of men.
      3. Living God
        1. This title is used 30 times in the entire Bible (15 of them in the New Testament.
        2. In the Old Testament, the living God is the One who speaks out of the fire on Mt. Sinai (Deuteronomy 5:26), defeats Goliath and the Philistines (1 Samuel 17:26, 36), defeats the army of Sennacherib at the prayer of Hezekiah (2 Kings 19:4, 16), and delivers Daniel out of the den of lions (Daniel 6:20, 26). The thirsty soul cries out for Him (Psalm 42:4; Psalm 84:2). The true God is the living God (Jeremiah 10:10).
        3. In the New Testament, Jesus Christ is the Son of the living God (Matthew 16:16; John 6:69). Paul contrasts the false idols with “the living God, which made heaven, and earth, and the sea, and all things that are therein” (Acts 14:15). Those who “trust in the living God” (1 Timothy 4:10; 1 Timothy 6:17) become the “temple of the living God” (2 Corinthians 6:16), belong to the “church of the living God” (1 Timothy 3:15), and look to the day when they come to the “city of the living God, the heavenly Jerusalem” (Hebrews 12:22).
      4. Everlasting God or Eternal God
        1. The everlasting God (Genesis 21:33; Isaiah 40:28; Romans 16:26)
        2. The eternal God (Deuteronomy 33:27)
        3. The everlasting Father (Isaiah 9:6)
        4. An everlasting king (Jeremiah 10:10)
      5. God of Heaven
        1. Used 24 times in scripture (four of these as the LORD God of heaven).
        2. Most commonly used during the Babylonian captivity and the return from captivity (2 Chronicles 36:23; nine times in Ezra; four times in Nehemiah; four times in Daniel; a total of 18 of the 24 times it is used in scripture.). As such, it emphasizes in a time when the Israelites are dominated by world powers that God is the God over all the nations and able to rule over all.
      6. God of Abraham
        1. Used 17 times in scripture.
        2. Emphasizes that God chose Abraham to be the father of the nation of Israel
      7. God of Israel
        1. Used 203 times in scripture.
        2. Refers to God’s special relationship with the nation of Israel.
      8. God of Jacob
        1. Found 25 times in the Bible.
        2. Jacob was the father of the twelve sons who became the twelve tribes of Israel.
      9. God of our fathers (or my father)
        1. God of our fathers (7 times); God of my fathers (2 times); God of my father (5 times).
        2. This title emphasizes that He is the same God as was known in times past. It is used in the New Testament to show that the God of the Christians is the same God as served by the Jews in the past (Acts 3:13; Acts 22:14; Acts 24:14).
      10. God of the spirits of all flesh
        1. Used only two times in scripture (Numbers 16:22; Numbers 27:16); once by Moses and Aaron; once by Moses alone.
        2. God is called the “Father of spirits” in Hebrews 12:9.
        3. Refers to God’s power over the life and eternity of every individual person.
      11. God of gods
        1. Used six times in the Bible
        2. Refers to God’s superiority over all that are called gods.
      12. God of my (or our) salvation
        1. God of my salvation (7 times); God of our salvation (5 times).
        2. Nine of these twelve times are in the Psalms.
        3. Speaks of the personal nature of God’s salvation.
      13. God of truth – used four times in three verses (Deuteronomy 32:4; Psalm 31:5; Isaiah 65:16).
      14. God of glory – used two times in the Bible.
      15. God of judgment – used two times in the Bible
      16. God of peace
        1. Used five times, all in the New Testament (Romans 15:33; Romans 16:20; Philippians 4:9; 1 Thessalonians 5:23; Hebrews 13:20).
        2. He is the God who makes peace with us and He is the God who establishes peace in our hearts.
    3. Names Compounded with LORD
      1. LORD God
        1. This is Jehovah combined with Elohim.
        2. Used 230 times in 226 verses. Most common in 2 Chronicles (51 times) and Genesis (27 times; 20 times in Genesis 2-3).
        3. More commonly used in historical passages.
        4. Emphasizes the power of God.
          1. In creation (Genesis 2-3)
          2. In delivering Israel from Egypt (Exodus 3:16; Exodus 5:1; Exodus 7:16; Exodus 9:1)
          3. In Joshua’s conquest of the land (Joshua 10:40; Joshua 18:3)
        5. 2 Chronicles has the most references to LORD God in the Bible. In this book, the title is an object of praise (2 Chronicles 6:4, 14; 2 Chronicles 20:19) and is to be sought (2 Chronicles 14:4; 2 Chronicles 15:4, 12, 13; 2 Chronicles 17:4; 2 Chronicles 26:5; 2 Chronicles 30:19) but may be forsaken (2 Chronicles 21:10; 2 Chronicles 24:18, 24; 2 Chronicles 28:6).
      2. Lord GOD
        1. This is Jehovah combined with Adonai.
        2. Used 302 times in 292 verses. Over two-thirds of the references are in Ezekiel (217 times in 210 verses).
        3. Most commonly used in prophetic passages.
        4. Emphasizes the lordship of God.
          1. First used in Genesis 15:2 where Abram deals with the line of authority, recognizing God as his Lord and seeking an heir other than Eliezer of Damascus.
          2. Often used in the context of servants and service (Deuteronomy 3:24; 2 Samuel 7:19-20, 28-29; Isaiah 65:13, 15; Ezekiel 20:40; Amos 3:7)
          3. Ezekiel 36, which uses this title more than any other chapter in the Bible (15 times in 14 verses), deals with the conquest of Israel’s enemies, her restoration to the land, and her cleansing from her sins. The Lord GOD will put a new heart and a new spirit in them (Ezekiel 36:26-27). They will be His people and He will be their God (Ezekiel 26:28). In effect, they will return to God as their Lord and master.
David Reagan

Daily Proverb

Proverbs 25:13

As the cold of snow in the time of harvest, so is a faithful messenger to them that send him: for he refresheth the soul of his masters.