Doctrine of God 0001 - Lesson 7

  1. THE NAMES OF GOD (Continued)
    1. Names Compounded with LORD (Continued)
      1. LORD of hosts
        1. Used 239 times in 229 verses.
        2. Most common in Jeremiah (71 times), Isaiah (53 times), Zechariah (51 times), and Malachi (21 times).
        3. Not used until 1 Samuel 1:3.
        4. The hosts refer to the armies of the Lord­ – David told Goliath, “Thou comest to me with a sword, and with a spear, and with a shield: but I come to thee in the name of the LORD of hosts, the God of the armies of Israel, whom thou hast defied” (1 Samuel 17:45). The LORD of hosts is the God of the armies.
        5. The hosts of the Lord can be the armies of Israel (Exodus 1:41) or the multitude of angels (Genesis 32:1-2; 1 Kings 22:19; Psalm 103:20-21; Luke 2:13).
        6. Jesus appeared to Joshua as the “captain of the host of the LORD” (Joshua 5:14).
        7. This title looks to the Lord as the commander in chief (Psalm 24:10; Isaiah 13:4; Isaiah 31:4-5; Zechariah 9:15). He is the “mighty One of Israel” (Isaiah 1:24).
    2. Descriptions Compounded with Jehovah or LORD
      1. Jehovah-jireh – the LORD who sees
        1. Used in the story of the offering of Isaac (Genesis 22:13-14)
        2. Refers to the fact that God will see the need and will provide the necessary solution as He provided the ram for Abraham’s offering.
        3. Prophetically points to the sacrifice of the Messiah.
          1. God will ultimately provide Himself as a Lamb (Genesis 22:8; John 1:29)
          2. The sacrifice will be seen in “the mount of the LORD” (Genesis 22:14).
            1. Isaac was offered in one of the mountains of Moriah (Genesis 22:2).
            2. Moriah was to become the Temple Mount in Jerusalem (2 Chronicles 3:1).
            3. Just north of the city of Jerusalem, probably at the place of a northern extension of the Temple Mount, was the place of the crucifixion of Jesus Christ.
      2. The LORD that healeth thee
        1. Used shortly after the Israelites crossed the Red Sea and immediately after the bitter waters called Marah were turned sweet by casting a tree into the waters (Exodus 15:22-26).
        2. Joined with a promise that obedience on the part of the Israelites would deliver them from the diseases of the Egyptians.
      3. Jehovah-nissi – the LORD our banner
        1. Given as the name of an altar built by Moses (Exodus 17:15).
        2. Used in context of a battle and victory over the Amalekites (Exodus 17:8-16). Joshua led the army of Israel and Moses prayed while Aaron and Hur held up his hands.
        3. The banner refers to a battle standard (Song of Solomon 6:4; see also Psalm 20:5; Psalm 60:4). Each unit in an army would follow behind its proper banner. Moses is teaching the Israelites that the banner they should follow is the LORD Himself. If they will look to Him, as Moses did in prayer during the battle, He will give them the victory.
      4. The LORD who sanctifies
        1. Used in a passage where the Lord warns Israel against the following of other gods (Leviticus 20:1-8).
        2. To sanctify is to set apart especially for the Lord’s use (as the vessels of the tabernacle were sanctified).
        3. The Israelites have been sanctified, or set apart, as God’s special people (Deuteronomy 7:6). They are not to follow after other gods.
        4. The LORD identifies Himself as the One who sanctifies them. He is the God who sets His people apart from all others.
      5. Jehovah-shalom – the LORD our peace
        1. The name given to an altar built by Gideon (Judges 6:24).
        2. Used in context of the call of God to Gideon to deliver the Israelites out of the hands of the Midianites (Judges 6:1-24).
        3. Used immediately after Gideon realized that he had seen an angel of the Lord face to face and needed have his fear calmed by the promise of peace from the Lord (Judges 6:22-23).
        4. God Himself is to be our peace (Numbers 6:26; Psalm 29:11; Haggai 2:9; 2 Thessalonians 3:16).
      6. The LORD our righteousness
        1. A millennial title given to Israel (Jeremiah 23:6) and to Jerusalem (Jeremiah 33:16).
        2. Points to the fact that their righteousness was not earned by good works but that God Himself is their righteousness. Evidently, Israel as a nation will have the same imputed righteousness as that given to Abraham (Genesis 15:6) and to New Testament believers (Romans 3:21-22).
      7. The LORD is there
        1. Given in the very last verse of the book of Ezekiel (Ezekiel 48:35).
        2. Given as a name for the millennial city of Jerusalem.
        3. Points to the presence of the Lord in the city. By application, it refers to the presence of God with His people.
    3. His Name Proclaimed
      1. The proclamation of the name
        1. The proclamation (Exodus 34:5-7)
        2. The setting
          1. Israel had sinned in the matter of the golden calf (Exodus 32:1-4).
          2. God separated Himself from the presence of the people (Exodus 33:1-7)
          3. Moses pled for the presence of the Lord and the Lord granted his request (Exodus 33:12-17).
        3. The event
          1. Moses then asked additionally to see the glory of the Lord (Exodus 33:18)
          2. God granted his request (Exodus 33:19).
            1. He would make His goodness pass before Moses.
            2. He would proclaim the name of the Lord before Moses.
          3. The Lord gave instructions for Moses before He passed before Him (Exodus 33:20-23).
          4. The Lord had Moses prepare two more tables of stone to replace the broken ones (Exodus 34:1-4).
          5. The Lord passed before Moses and proclaimed His name (Exodus 34:5-7).
          6. Moses worshipped the Lord and renewed His request for the Lord to go among His people (Exodus 34:8-9).
      2. The name proclaimed throughout scripture. Some form of this proclamation is used numerous times in the Old Testament (Exodus 20:5-6; Numbers 14:17-19; Deuteronomy 5:9-10; Psalm 86:15; Psalm 103:8-9; Psalm 145:8; Joel 2:13; Jonah 4:2).
      3. The meaning of the name proclaimed
        1. The list of items in the name proclaimed
          1. The LORD (Exodus 34:6)
          2. The LORD God (Exodus 34:6)
          3. Merciful (Exodus 34:6)
          4. Gracious (Exodus 34:6)
          5. Longsuffering (Exodus 34:6)
          6. Abundant in goodness (Exodus 34:6)
          7. Abundant in truth (Exodus 34:6)
          8. Keeping mercy for thousands (Exodus 34:7)
          9. Forgiving (Exodus 34:7)
            1. Iniquity
            2. Transgression
            3. Sin
          10. Refusing to clear the guilty; visiting iniquity to the third and fourth generations (Exodus 34:7)
        2. Notes on the name proclaimed
          1. The name is predominately positive. Depending on how the last items are counted, there are only one or two negative items.
          2. The entire list is an expansion of the name of LORD; that is, Jehovah.
          3. God’s refusal to clear the guilty must be taken in context of the rest of the name which proclaims His mercy, grace, and forgiveness. The guilty in this passage are those who do “despite unto the Spirit of grace” (Hebrews 10:29). They will receive a sorer punishment and fall into the hands of the living God (Hebrews 10:29-31).
David Reagan

Daily Proverb

Proverbs 18:6

A fool's lips enter into contention, and his mouth calleth for strokes.