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The Book of Numbers 0001 - Lesson 4

Scripture Passage: 
Numbers 3:1-51

Chapter 3

Numbering the Levites

  1. THE GENERATIONS OF AARON AND MOSES (Numbers 3:1-4)
    1. Sons of Aaron (Numbers 3:2)
      1. Nadab
      2. Abihu
      3. Eleazar
      4. Ithamar
    2. Consecrated to Minister (Numbers 3:3)
    3. Offering of Strange Fire (Numbers 3:4; Leviticus 10:1-7)
      1. Nadab and Abihu died.
      2. They had no children.
      3. Possibly done under the influence of alcohol (Leviticus 10:8-11)
  2. THE PRESENTATION OF THE LEVITES (Numbers 3:5-10)
    1. Levites Presented to Aaron (Numbers 3:6)
      1. Bring them near.
      2. Present them to Aaron.
      3. They may minister unto him.
    2. Keeping the Charge (Numbers 3:7-9)
      1. Keep the charge of Aaron (Numbers 3:7).
      2. Keep the charge of the congregation (Numbers 3:7-8).
      3. Keep all of the instruments of the tabernacle (Numbers 3:8).
      4. Wholly given to Aaron (Numbers 3:9)
    3. Aaron and His Sons (Numbers 3:10)
      1. Appointed by Moses under the authority of God
      2. They shall wait on their office.
        1. The word “wait” can mean two different things.  One is to be still or rest in expectation.  The other meaning (which applies to our text) is to serve or work.  This fits the concept of waiters and waitresses working at a restaurant.
      3. The stranger shall be put to death.
  3. THE LEVITES ARE GOD’S (Numbers 3:11-13)
    1. Levites Instead of the Firstborn (Numbers 3:12)
    2. Firstborn belong to God (Numbers 3:13)
  4. NUMBERING AND ENCAMPMENT OF THE LEVITES (Numbers 3:14-39)
    1. Numbering Instructions (Numbers 3:15)
      1. The children of Levi
      2. By their families
      3. Every male
      4. A month old and upward
    2. The Sons of Levi (Numbers 3:17)
      1. Gershon
      2. Kohath
      3. Merari
    3. The Sons of Gershon (Numbers 3:18)
      1. Libni
      2. Shimei
    4. The Sons of Kohath (Numbers 3:19)
      1. Amram
      2. Izehar
      3. Hebron
      4. Uzziel
    5. The Sons of Merari (Numbers 3:20)
      1. Mahli
      2. Mushi
    6. Numbering and Encampment of the Gershonites (Numbers 3:21-26)
      1. Number = 7,500 (Numbers 3:22)
      2. Encamped = behind the tabernacle westward (Numbers 3:23)
      3. Chief = Eliasaph son of Lael (Numbers 3:24)
      4. Charge (Numbers 3:25-26)
        1. The tabernacle
        2. The tent
        3. The covering thereof
        4. The hanging for the door of the tabernacle
        5. The hangings of the court
        6. The curtain for the door of the court
        7. The cords of it for all the service thereof
    7. Numbering and Encampment of the Kohathites (Numbers 3:27-31)
      1. Number = 8,600 (Numbers 3:28)
      2. Encamped = side of the tabernacle southward (Numbers 3:29)
      3. Chief = Elizaphan son of Uzziel (Numbers 3:30)
      4. Charge
        1. The ark
        2. The table
        3. The candlestick
        4. The altars
        5. The vessels of the sanctuary
        6. The hanging
        7. The service thereof
    8. Eleazar the Son of Aaron (Numbers 3:32)
      1. Chief over the chief of the Levites
      2. Oversight of them that keep the charge of the sanctuary
    9. Numbering and Encampment of the Merarites (Numbers 3:33-37)
      1. Number = 6,200 (Numbers 3:33)
      2. Encamped = side of the tabernacle northward (Numbers 3:35)
      3. Chief = Zuriel son of Abihail (Numbers 3:35)
      4. Charge
        1. The boards of the tabernacle
          1. The bars thereof
          2. The pillars thereof
          3. The sockets thereof
          4. The vessels thereof
        2. The pillars of the court
          1. Their sockets
          2. Their pins
          3. Their cords
    10. Encamping on the East (Numbers 3:38)
      1. Moses
      2. Aaron and his sons
    11. Total Numbering of Levites (Numbers 3:39)
      1. Total of three families
        1. Gershonites     =          7,500
        2. Kohathites       =          8,600
        3. Merarites         =          6,200
        4. Total               =          22,300
      2. Total according to scripture
        1. 22,000
      3. Solution
        1. The Levites were to redeem the firstborn among the children of Israel.
        2. More than likely 300 of the original Levites that were numbered were also firstborn, hence they could not redeem the other firstborn and could not be counted in the total number capable of redeeming the firstborn.
        3. The number 300 out of 22,300 may seem small, as it is a ratio of .94 of 70, but consider how many souls came to Egypt in (Exodus 1:5).  There were 70 souls and the firstborn of the family would have been considered Reuben.
    12. The Encampment Illustrated (See Sheet A3)
    13. The Tabernacle Facing the Rising of the Sun
      1. God met with Aaron in the holy of holies.  From God’s point of view (looking out of the tabernacle), He saw Moses, Aaron and Judah toward the rising of the sun.
      2. Who were they?
        1. Moses is the prophet.
        2. Aaron is the priest.
        3. Judah is the king.
      3. Of whom are they typical?
        1. Moses typifies the earthly ministry of Christ as a prophet.
        2. Aaron typifies the priestly work of Christ due to His death, burial and resurrection.
        3. Judah typifies Christ as the coming king to defeat the armies of antichrist in Revelation 19.
        4. The rising of the sun typifies the rising of the “Sun of righteousness with healing in his wings.” This deals with His care for His people during the kingdom age.
  5. REDEMPTIVE WORK OF THE LEVITES (Numbers 3:40-51)
    1. Number All Firstborn (Numbers 3:40-43)
      1. Males (Numbers 3:40)
      2. A month old and upward (Numbers 3:40)
      3. Total = 22,273 (Numbers 3:43)
    2. Levites to Redeem (Numbers 3:45)
      1. Levites to redeem firstborn
      2. Cattle of Levites to redeem cattle of Israelites
    3. Redemption Price of Firstborn (Numbers 3:46-51)
      1. Levites (Numbers 3:46)
        1. Firstborn =      22,273
        2. Levites =         22,000
        3. Lacking =        273
      2. Money (Numbers 3:47-50)
        1. Shekels =         5
        2. Lacking =        273
        3. Amount =        1,365
      3. Gave the money to Aaron and his sons (Numbers 3:51)
Andrew Ray

Daily Proverb

Proverbs 11:11

By the blessing of the upright the city is exalted: but it is overthrown by the mouth of the wicked.