The Book of Numbers 0003 - Lesson 4

Scripture Passage: 
Numbers 15:1-41

Chapter 15 (Continued)

When Ye Be Come Into the Land (Continued)

  1. INTRODUCTION TO THE CHAPTER (Continued)
    1. A Depressing Section
      1. This brings us into the third section of the book that deals with “The Judgment of God” (end of Numbers 14 through Numbers 20).
      2. The Israelites did not circumcise their children during this time (Joshua 5:3-7).
      3. They turned to worship false gods (Acts 7:42-43; Amos 5:25-26).
  2. DIVISION OF THE CHAPTER (When Ye Be Come Into the Land)
    1. And Will Make an Offering by Fire (Numbers 15:1-16)
    2. When Ye Eat of the Bread of the Land (Numbers 15:17-21)
    3. If Ye Have Erred (Numbers 15:22-31)
    4. Practicing the Instruction of the Lord (Numbers 15:32-36)
    5. Remember His Commandments (Numbers 15:37-41)
  3. AND WILL MAKE AN OFFERING BY FIRE (Numbers 15:1-16)
    1. The Hope of Restoration (Numbers 15:1-2)
      1. When ye be come into the land
      2. Of your habitations
      3. Which I give unto you
    2. A Desire to Sacrifice (Numbers 15:1-3)
      1. A burnt offering (Leviticus 1:1-9)
      2. A sacrifice in performing a vow (Leviticus 7:16-17)
      3. A freewill offering (Leviticus 22:18-27)
      4. Your solemn feasts (Numbers 28:16-19)
      5. A sweet savor unto the Lord
        1. NOTE: The first three offerings (burnt, meat, peace) are voluntary and are a sweet savor unto the Lord. The last two offerings (sin, trespass) are required and are not called sweet savors to the Lord. It is evidently sweet to the Lord when we serve Him because of love and not because we must.
      6. Of the herd or of the flock – they were to offer God something that they already had (see Exodus 4:2-3).
    3. Instructions from the Lord (Numbers 15:4-12)
      1. For a lamb (Numbers 5:4-5)
        1. Meat offering (Numbers 5:4)
          1. A tenth deal of flour
          2. The fourth part of an hin of oil
        2. Drink offering (Numbers 5:5)
          1. The fourth part of an hin of wine
      2. For a ram (Numbers 5:6-7)
        1. Meat offering
          1. Two tenth deals of flour
          2. The third part of an hin of oil
        2. Drink offering
          1. The third part of an hin of wine
      3. For a bullock (Numbers 5:8-10)
        1. For a burnt offering, a sacrifice in performing a vow or peace offerings (Numbers 5:8)
        2. Meat offering (Numbers 5:9)
          1. Three tenth deals of flour
          2. Half an hin of oil
        3. Drink offering (Numbers 5:10)
          1. Half an hin of wine
      4. Liquid measures (In consulting these tables it must be remembered that people differ as to exact figures.)
        1. 3 cabs = 1 hin = 4 qts.
        2. 2 hins = 1 seah = 2 gals.
      5. Summary of the sacrifices (Numbers 15:11-12)
    4. One Ordinance for Both (Numbers 15:13-16)
      1. All that are born in the country (Numbers 15:13)
      2. The stranger that sojourneth with you (Numbers 15:14)
      3. One law or ordinance applies to both (Numbers 15:15-16).
  4. WHEN YE EAT OF THE BREAD OF THE LAND (Numbers 15:17-21)
    1. The Hope of Restoration (Numbers 15:17-18)
      1. When ye be come into the land
      2. Whither I bring you
    2. Concerning the Bread (Numbers 15:19-21)
      1. When ye eat of the bread (Numbers 15:19)
      2. Ye shall offer an heave offering (Numbers 15:19-21).
        1. A cake of the first of your dough
        2. As you do for the threshingfloor
        3. Give it unto the Lord.
  5. IF YE HAVE ERRED (Numbers 15:22-31)
    1. Concerning the Commandments (Numbers 15:22-23)
      1. Not observed all the commandments
      2. By the hand of Moses
    2. Through Ignorance (Numbers 15:24-29)
      1. Congregation (Numbers 15:24-26)
        1. Committed without the knowledge of the congregation (Numbers 15:24)
        2. The offering (Numbers 15:24)
          1. The burnt offering
            1. All the congregation shall offer one young bullock for a burnt offering.
            2. With his meat offering and his drink offering
          2. The sin offering
            1. One kid of the goats
        3. Atonement (Numbers 15:25-26)
          1. The priest shall make an atonement for all of the congregation.
          2. It shall be forgiven them.
            1. All the congregation of the children of Israel
            2. The stranger that sojourneth among them
          3. All the people were in ignorance.
      2. An individual (Numbers 15:27-29)
        1. Sinned through ignorance
        2. Bring a she goat of the first year for a sin offering.
        3. The priest shall make an atonement for him and he shall be forgiven.
        4. One law for both
          1. He that is born among the children of Israel
          2. The stranger that sojourneth among them
    3. Through Presumption (Numbers 15:30-31)
      1. The conjunction (Numbers 15:30)
        1. The word but connects us to the sin of ignorance but also shows that this sin is contrary to the sin of ignorance.
        2. This demonstrates that this sin is committed with knowledge.
      2. A soul that sins presumptuously (Numbers 15:30)
        1. Whether he be born in the land
        2. Or a stranger
      3. The wickedness of the sin (Numbers 15:31)
        1. It reproached the Lord.
        2. The soul shall be cut off.
        3. He hath despised the word of the Lord.
        4. He hath broken His commandment.
        5. His iniquity shall be upon him.
  6. PRACTICING THE INSTRUCTION OF THE LORD (Numbers 15:32-36)
    1. The Crime (Numbers 15:32)
      1. A man gathering sticks on the Sabbath day
      2. This was forbidden by the Lord (Exodus 20:8-10; Exodus 35:2-3).
    2. The Response of the People (Numbers 15:33-34)
      1. They brought him to Moses and Aaron and all the congregation.
      2. They put him in ward.
      3. It was not declared what should be done to him.
    3. The Answer from the Lord (Numbers 15:35-36)
      1. The man shall surely be put to death.
      2. The congregation stoned him without the camp.
    4. The Timing of the Crime
      1. Notice that the Lord gave the Israelites some instruction on how to handle various sins in Numbers 15:22-31.
      2. God then gives His people an opportunity to obey or rebel against His commandments by the example of the man gathering sticks.
      3. Many times in our own lives, the Lord will show you something from scripture; and not too far in the future, He will give you an opportunity to put His teaching into practice.
  7. REMEMBER HIS COMMANDMENTS (Numbers 15:37-41)
    1. REMEMBER HIS COMMANDMENTS (Numbers 15:37-41)
      1. Alterations to Garments (Numbers 15:38)
        1. Bid the Israelites to make fringes in the borders of their garments.
        2. Put upon the fringe of the borders a ribband of blue.
    2. A Reminder to Remember (Numbers 15:39-40)
      1. Ye may look upon it.
      2. And remember all the commandments
      3. And do them
      4. And that ye seek not after your own heart and eyes
      5. That ye may remember to be holy unto your God
      6. Note:  The Lord is serious about His people remembering Him, His works and His word.
        1. In our human nature we are prone to forget.  We feel as though some things are so important that they are worth the extra effort of note writing and other things just so that we remember.  God knew this and so in His word He put all sorts of little post-it notes saying things like forget not the LORD thy God or Remember now thy Creator .
        2. Don’t forget He formed you (Deuteronomy 32:8; Isaiah 51:13).
          1. The nation of Israel
            1. Literally as a nation
            2. They were not great (Deuteronomy 7:7).
          2. The New Testament believer
            1. He is our beginning.
            2. He sustains us.
        3. Don’t forget He redeemed you (Deuteronomy 6:12).
          1. His death (2 Corinthians 5:21)
            1. He knew no sin.
            2. He became sin.
            3. So that we might have His righteousness
          2. His resurrection (2 Timothy 2:8)
          3. His ordinance (1 Corinthians 11:23-26)
        4. Don’t forget He delivers you (Judges 8:34).
          1. The trials of life
          2. The unseen dangers
        5. He knows you and loves you (Deuteronomy 9:7).
          1. You’re wickedness
          2. His lovingkindness
        6. The Lord thought so much of those who remembered Him in the Book of Malachi that He began a new book to record their remembrance (Malachi 3:16).  Maybe that book has been closed, but even if it has, God still loves it when His people remember Him.  Have you forgotten Him?  Are you busy in the work of the Lord but forgetting the Lord of that work?  All He asks of you is that you don’t forget .
    3. The God to be Remembered (Numbers 15:41)
      1. I am the LORD your God.
        1. Which brought you out of Egypt
        2. To be your God
      2. I am the LORD your God.
Andrew Ray

Daily Proverb

Proverbs 25:13

As the cold of snow in the time of harvest, so is a faithful messenger to them that send him: for he refresheth the soul of his masters.