The Book of Numbers 0005 - Lesson 2

Scripture Passage: 
Numbers 24:14-25; Numbers 25:1-18

Chapter 24:14–25 (Continued)

Balaam’s Last Prophecy (Continued)

  1. THE PERSON OF BALAAM’S PROPHECY (Numbers 24:17) (Continued)
    1. The Sceptre Out of Israel
      1. The sceptre is connected to a king and a kingdom.
      2. The sceptre of the Lord
        1. A kingdom that lasts forever (Psalm 45:6)
        2. Prophesied to the Son (Hebrews 1:8)
      3. Jesus Christ as the King
        1. Prophesied to come forth out of Judah (Genesis 49:10)
        2. King of the Jews (Matthew 2:2)
        3. King of Kings (Revelation 19:16-17)
    2. The Wise Men from the East (Matthew 2:1-2)
      1. How did they know?
        1. Two prophecies
          1. Daniel’s prophecy (Daniel 9:20-26) – provided timing
          2. Balaam’s prophecy (Numbers 24:17) – provided information concerning the person
        2. The location of these prophecies
          1. Daniel’s prophecy came in Babylon (Daniel 1:1-6).
          2. Balaam’s prophecy came on the eastern side of Jordan and he was a prophet from Mesopotamia (Deuteronomy 23:4).
          3. Both of these prophecies were provided and known in the eastern world.
      2. Why did they come?
        1. To worship the King of the Jews (Matthew 2:2)
        2. To worship their King (Numbers 24:17)
      3. What did they bring?
        1. Gold
          1. A type of royalty (Psalm 21:1-3; Revelation 14:14)
          2. A picture of the royal birth of the King of the Jews (Matthew 2:2)
        2. Frankincense
          1. A type of prayer (Revelation 8:3-4; Psalm 141:2)
          2. A priestly gift
        3. Myrrh
          1. A type of suffering and death (Mark 15:23; John 19:39)
          2. A picture of the sacrificial death of Christ
          3. I do not know for sure, but perhaps these men from the east understood about the death of this King because of Daniel’s prophecy (Daniel 9:20-26).
  2. THE SLAUGHTER OF BALAAM’S PROPHECY (Numbers 24:17-19)
    1. The Corners of Moab (Numbers 24:17)
      1. Partially fulfilled by David (Psalm 108:9-13; 2 Samuel 8:2)
      2. To occur again after David (Jeremiah 48:42-47; Isaiah 25:6-12)
    2. The Children of Sheth (Numbers 24:17)
      1. Some commentators link these people to the “tumultuous ones” of Jeremiah 48:45.
      2. There is, however, a reference to a man named Sheth in scripture (1 Chronicles 1:1).
      3. I believe this is a reference to all of the people living.  Consider that Adam had two sons other than Able who was slain:  Cain and Seth.  We know from scripture that a flood occurred in Genesis 6-8 that wiped out all but Noah’s family.  Noah came from the line of Seth or Sheth.  Everyone living today would be traced back to the line of Seth.
    3. The Possession of Edom and Seir (Numbers 24:18)
      1. Possessions for His enemies
      2. Edom will be judged (Isaiah 63:1-4).
      3. Seir is in the country of Edom (Genesis 32:3).
    4. The Dominion of Israel (Numbers 24:18-19)
      1. Israel shall do valiantly.
      2. He shall have dominion.
      3. He shall destroy him that remaineth of the city.
  3. THE PROPHECY CONCERNING AMALEK (Numbers 24:20)
    1. His Beginning
      1. The first of the nations
      2. Probably in reference to being the first to war with Israel (Exodus 17:8)
    2. His End
      1. His latter end
        1. It is almost as though there were two ends to Amalek.
        2. Israel, under the leadership of Saul, was supposed to put an end to them but did not (1 Samuel 28:15-18).
          1. Agag the king was spared.
          2. Haman from the Book of Esther is a descendant of Agag (Esther 3:1).
        3. The Lord thus signifies that their latter end will be when they perish forever.
      2. He shall perish for ever.
  4. THE PROPHECY CONCERNING THE KENITES (Numbers 24:21-22)
    1. His Strength (Numbers 24:21)
      1. Strong is thy dwelling place.
      2. Thou puttest thy nest in a rock.
    2. His Captivity (Numbers 24:22)
      1. The Kenite shall be wasted.
      2. They will be carried away captive by Asshur.
  5. THE PROPHECY CONCERNING ASSHUR AND EBER (Numbers 24:23-24)
    1. The Fierceness of the Coming Judgment (Numbers 24:23)
    2. The Affliction Upon Asshur and Eber (Numbers 24:24)
      1. Asshur
        1. A son of Shem (Genesis 10:22)
        2. Came from the land of Shinar (Genesis 10:8-10)
        3. Built the city of Nineveh (Genesis 10:11-12)
        4. Possibly connected to Assyria
        5. Quite possibly connected to the Assyrian which is another name for the Antichrist (Isaiah 30:31; Micah 5:5-6)
        6. Consider also the mention of ships from coast of Chittim (Numbers 24:24) and the mention of Chittim again with the Antichrist (Daniel 11:30-31).
      2. Eber
        1. From the line of Shem (Genesis 10:22, 24)
        2. Grandson of Arphaxad (Genesis 10:24)
        3. Son of Salah (Genesis 10:24)
  6. THE DEPARTURE OF BALAAM (Numbers 24:25)
    1. Balaam Returned to His Place.
    2. Balak Went His Way.

Chapter 25

The Whoredom of God’s People

  1. ISRAEL COMMITS WHOREDOM (Numbers 25:1-5)
    1. The Sin of the People (Numbers 25:1-3)
      1. Whoredom with the daughters of Moab (Numbers 25:1)
        1. Forbidden by the Lord (Exodus 34:12-17)
        2. Brought on by Balaam (Revelation 2:14)
          1. Balaam taught Balak how to cast a stumblingblock before the children of Israel.
          2. The stumblingblock consisted of
            1. Eating things sacrificed unto idols
            2. Committing fornication
          3. Apparently Balaam loved the wages of unrighteousness so much that, even though he could not curse Israel, he determined to teach Balak how to get God to turn on Israel.
      2. The people were called to the sacrifices for the gods of Moab (Numbers 25:2).
        1. They ate sacrifices offered to the gods.
        2. They bowed down to their gods.
      3. Israel provoked God’s anger (Numbers 25:3).
    2. The Judgment of God (Numbers 25:4-5)
      1. Take the heads of the people (Numbers 25:4).
      2. Hang them up before the Lord (Numbers 25:4).
      3. Moses directs the judges to slay the men joined to Baalpeor (Numbers 25:5).
  2. ISRAEL CONTINUES ITS REBELLION (Numbers 25:6-15)
    1. The Midianitish Woman (Numbers 25:6-9)
      1. The sin (Numbers 25:6)
        1. The origin of the sin – one of the children of Israel
        2. The rebellious nature of the sin
        3. The openness of his rebellion – in the sight of all the congregation
      2. The saviour (Numbers 25:7-8)
        1. The person (Numbers 25:7)
          1. Phinehas which means mouth of brass
          2. The son of Eleazar
          3. The grandson of Aaron
        2. The work (Numbers 25:7-8)
          1. He saw it.
          2. He rose up.
          3. He took a javelin in his hand.
          4. He went after the man into the tent.
          5. He thrust both of them through.
          6. The plague was stayed.
      3. The plague (Numbers 25:9)
        1. Came because of this sin
        2. Killed 24,000
    2. The Covenant with Phinehas (Numbers 25:10-13)
      1. The accomplishment of Phinehas (Numbers 25:10-11)
        1. Turned away God’s wrath
        2. He was zealous for God’s sake.
      2. God’s covenant with Phinehas (Numbers 25:12-13)
        1. A covenant of peace (Numbers 25:12)
        2. A covenant extending to future generations (Numbers 25:13)
        3. A covenant of an everlasting priesthood (Numbers 25:13)
        4. Because he made atonement for the children of Israel (Numbers 25:13)
        5. He had righteousness accounted to him (Psalm 106:30-31).
    3. The Names of the Guilty (Numbers 25:14-15)
      1. The Israelite (Numbers 25:14)
        1. Zimri which means praise worthy
          1. A prince
          2. Of a chief house
        2. The son of Salu
        3. A Simeonite
      2. The Midianitish woman (Numbers 25:15)
        1. Cozbi which means liar or deceitful
        2. Daughter of Zur
  3. ISRAEL TO VEX THE MIDIANITES (Numbers 25:16-18)
    1. God’s Commandment to Vex Midian (Numbers 25:16-17)
      1. Vex the Midianites.
      2. Smite them.
    2. The Midianites Have Already Vexed the Israelites (Numbers 25:18)
      1. Vexed with their wiles
      2. In the matter of Peor
  4. THE TYPOLOGY PRESENTED
    1. The People Involved
      1. Zimri compared to Adam
        1. Zimri
          1. Zimri’s name means praise worthy
          2. Zimri was a prince and of a chief house.
        2. Adam
          1. Adam was man’s champion.
          2. Adam was without sin.
      2. Cozbi compared to Satan
        1. Cozbi’s name means liar or deceitful
        2. Satan is a liar (John 8:44).
        3. See also
          1. The Midianites vexed Israel by their wiles (Ephesians 6:11).
          2. The Midianites beguiled the Israelites (Genesis 3:13; 2 Corinthians 11:3).
      3. Phinehas compared to Christ
        1. Phinehas’ name means mouth of brass.
        2. Christ is the Word of God who came to judge.
    2. The Fall
      1. Zimri’s sin
        1. Zimri’s sin was brought into the camp by himself alone – one man.
        2. Zimri’s sin brought a plague on all of the Israelites.
      2. Adam’s sin
        1. Sin entered the world by one man (Romans 5:12).
        2. Adam’s sin brought a plague on all (Romans 5:12).
    3. The Redemption
      1. Phinehas
        1. Phinehas rose up from among the congregation.
        2. Phinehas went into the tent where the source of the sin problem was.
        3. Phinehas took care of the sin problem in the tent.
        4. Phinehas made atonement for the children of Israel.
        5. Phinehas turned away God’s wrath from the Israelites.
        6. Phinehas has an everlasting priesthood and was accounted everlasting righteousness.
      2. Christ
        1. Christ rose up from His throne in Heaven.
        2. Jesus Christ came into this world (a temporary dwelling place like a tent) where the sin problem is.
        3. Jesus Christ took care of the sin problem through His death, burial and resurrection.
        4. Jesus Christ is the Atonement (Romans 5:11)
        5. Jesus Christ reconciled us to God, and in doing so He turned away God’s wrath from us.
        6. Through Jesus Christ we have the promise of the priesthood and righteousness.
Andrew Ray

Daily Proverb

Proverbs 22:9

He that hath a bountiful eye shall be blessed; for he giveth of his bread to the poor.