The Gospel of John IV - Lesson 1

                        Jesus as the Bread of Life                                      John 6:1-71                                      (Continued)

  1. DISCOURSE ON THE BREAD OF LIFE (John 6:33-51)
    1. Christ’s Presentation as the Bread of Life
      1. His titles
        1. The true bread (John 6:32)
          1. The true light (John 1:9)
          2. The true vine (John 15:1)
        2. The bread of God (John 6:33)
        3. The bread of life (John 6:35, 48)
        4. The bread from heaven (John 6:41, 50, 58)
        5. The living bread (John 6:51)
      2. His typology
        1. As the heavenly bread
          1. As was manna (John 6:31; Exodus 16:4, 14-15)
          2. Not sent by Moses, but by God (John 6:31-32; Psalm 78:22-25)
          3. Pictures the incarnation (John 6:33; John 3:13; Galatians 4:4)
        2. As the life-giving bread
          1. As was manna (John 6:33; Deuteronomy 8:3)
          2. As the supplier of life (John 6:35; John 4:13-14)
          3. As the source of life (John 6:51; John 5:26)
          4. Pictures our salvation (John 6:47-51; John 5:24)
        3. As the broken bread
          1. As was the custom in eating (Lamentation 4:4; Matthew 14:19; Matthew 15:36)
          2. Pictures the crucifixion (John 6:51; 1 Corinthians 11:23-24)
    2. Jewish Reaction to the Bread of Life (John 6:33-46)
      1. Their request for bread (John 6:33-34)
        1. Christ introduced the bread of God (John 6:33).
          1. It came down from heaven.
          2. It gives life to the world.
        2. They desired to have this bread (John 6:34).
          1. Lord
          2. Evermore
          3. Give us this bread.
      2. Christ’s revelation to the multitude (John 6:35-40)
        1. The identity of the bread (John 6:35-37)
          1. Jesus is the bread of life (John 6:35).
          2. He satisfies those who believe (John 6:35).
          3. The multitude has not believed (John 6:36).
            1. They have seen.
            2. They have not believed.
          4. Special Outline: Seeing is Believing – Or Is It?
            1. Those who believe not because they see not
              1. They claim they would believe if they saw (Mark 15:32).
              2. They require signs and wonders in order to believe (John 4:48).
                1. They have already rejected what they have been shown (John 6:14, 30).
                2. They will not be given signs and wonders (Matthew 12:38-40).
            2. Those who see but believe not
              1. They use any excuse to reject the truth (John 6:28-36).
              2. They are like the brethren of the rich man (Luke 16:27-31).
            3. Those who see and believe
              1. They are touched by what they see (Lamentations 3:51; John 11:45).
              2. They are convinced by what they see (John 20:24-29).
              3. They believe the Son and receive eternal life (John 6:40).
            4. Those who believe without seeing
              1. The special blessing on those who believe without seeing (John 20:29)
              2. The special response of those who believe without seeing (1 Peter 1:7-8)
                1. A special love for Christ
                2. A special joy in faith
              3. Their special reliance on the word of God
                1. The unbelief of the disciples (Mark 16:14)
                2. The faith based on the word of God (Romans 10:13-17)
            5. Those who see because they believe
              1. Those who believe will see the glory of God (John 11:40).
              2. Those who believe will see Him who is invisible (Hebrews 11:27).
              3. Those who believe to see shall be strengthened (Psalm 27:13-14).
          5. Those who come to the Son (John 6:37)
            1. Are given by the Father
            2. Will not be cast out
          6. Note: The acceptance of the Son
            1. By those who have God’s word abiding in them (John 5:38)
            2. By all who know the Father (John 6:37, 45; John 8:42)
            3. By those who are His sheep (John 10:24-30)
            4. Given by the Father to the Son (John 17:6-11, 24)
            5. All that belongs to the Father will be given to the Son (John 16:15).
            6. Given to the sheep to come to the Son (John 6:44-45, 64-65)
            7. Never to be lost by the Son (John 6:39; John 17:12; John 18:9)
        2. The revelation of God’s will (John 6:38-40)
          1. The purpose of Christ’s coming (John 6:38)
            1. Not to do His will (John 4:34; John 5:30)
            2. But to do the will of the Father (Mark 14:36)
          2. The preservation of the saints (John 6:39)
            1. Of those given to the Son by the Father – First group
            2. None should be lost.
            3. All should be raised at the last day.
          3. The provision of eternal life (John 6:40)
            1. To those who see the Son and believe on Him – Second group
            2. To be raised at the last day
            3. To those who believe in the Son without seeing Him – Third Group (John 20:29; 1 Peter 1:8)
      3. Their rejection of the Son (John 6:41-42)
        1. The point of objection (John 6:41)
          1. He claimed to come down from heaven.
          2. They murmured at this claim.
          3. There is always a crucial point where Christ is believed or rejected. Here, it is His testimony as having come from heaven. For the Jews in the early church age, it might be the offer of salvation to the Gentiles (Acts 22:21-23). Today, the crisis often comes in the acceptance or rejection of the resurrection (Acts 17:32). Whatever the crisis, it must be dealt with for the person to come to Christ.
        2. Their proof of His error (John 6:42)
          1. They knew He was the son of Joseph.
          2. They knew His father and mother.
          3. Of course, they did not know what they thought they knew.
      4. Christ’s reply to the Jews (John 6:43-46)
        1. The drawing of the Father (John 6:43-44)
          1. Must be drawn by the Father
          2. Must be given the ability to come to Christ (John 6:65)
          3. God can give repentance to the acknowledging of the truth (2 Timothy 2:25-26).
          4. Christ has promised to draw all men to Himself (John 12:32).
          5. No man is required to come to God when he is drawn (Matthew 23:37).
        2. The teaching of the Father (John 6:45)
          1. Old Testament prophecy (Isaiah 54:13; Isaiah 2:3)
          2. Fulfillment during the ministry of Christ (John 6:45)
          3. Fulfillment in the New Testament church
            1. Taught by Christ (Ephesians 4:20-21)
            2. Taught of God (1 Thessalonians 4:9)
            3. Taught by the Holy Ghost (1 Corinthians 2:9-16); the unction from the Holy One (1 John 2:20-21, 27) – Note: an unction is an anointing with oil. In the Bible, oil is a type of the Holy Spirit. As Christ was anointed with the Spirit (Isaiah 61:1), so we are anointed (2 Corinthians 1:21-22; 1 John 2:27).
          4. Fulfillment in the Kingdom Age (Isaiah 2:3; Jeremiah 31:33-34; Hebrews 8:10-11)
        3. The revealing of the Father (John 6:46; John 1:18; Matthew 11:27)
David Reagan

Daily Proverb

Proverbs 15:29

The LORD is far from the wicked: but he heareth the prayer of the righteous.