The Gospel of John IV - Lesson 4

                 Jesus at the Feast of Tabernacles                                 John 7:1-53                                 (Continued)

  1. JESUS URGED TO ATTEND THE FEAST (John 7:1-13) (Continued)
    1. The Urging of Christ’s Brethren (John 7:3-5)
      1. Their identity (John 7:3)
        1. Not cousins – a teaching of Jerome in the fourth century to support the superiority of virginity by teaching the perpetual virginity of Mary
        2. Not Joseph’s children from an earlier marriage (Matthew 13:55-56)
        3. The younger brothers of Jesus born to Joseph and Mary (Matthew 1:25)
      2. Their motive (John 7:3-4)
        1. Show your works (John 7:3).
        2. Show yourself (John 7:4).
          1. Do nothing in secret (but see Proverbs 18:1; Matthew 6:1-6; Matthew 23:5).
          2. Seek to be known (Luke 16:15; John 5:44; John 7:18; John 12:43; 2 Corinthians 10:12-13).
          3. Show thyself to the world.
      3. Their unbelief (John 7:5; see Acts 1:14; Galatians 1:19)
    2. Christ’s Refusal to Go with Them (John 7:6-9)
      1. His reason (John 7:6-8)
        1. The timing of God (John 7:6)
          1. Christ’s time has not yet come (John 7:6, 8, 30; cp. John 16:32; John 17:1).
          2. The world’s time is now (Galatians 1:4).
        2. The hatred toward Jesus (John 7:7)
          1. The world cannot hate its own (John 15:19).
          2. The world hated Jesus (John 17:14-16; Luke 6:26).
            1. Because He was not of the world
            2. Because He testified of the world’s evil (John 3:19-20)
          3. The plot to kill Jesus (John 7:1; John 5:16, 18)
      2. His reaction (John 7:8-9)
        1. To send his brethren on (John 7:8)
        2. To wait in Galilee (John 7:9)
    3. Christ’s Attendance at the Feast (John 7:10-13)
      1. The secrecy of Jesus (John 7:10)
      2. The seeking of Jesus (John 7:11)
      3. The separation of Jesus (John 7:12; Acts 17:32-34)
        1. Those who thought Him a good man
        2. Those who thought Him a deceiver
      4. The silence concerning Jesus (John 7:13; John 12:42-43)
  2. JESUS IN THE TEMPLE IN JERUSALEM (John 7:14-53)
    1. His Teaching in the Temple (John 7:14-36)
      1. Reaction to Christ’s teaching (John 7:14-15)
        1. His wisdom (Matthew 13:54); when they expected Him to be ignorant, not having been trained by them (Luke 2:46-47; Acts 4:13; 1 Corinthians 1:27)
        2. His doctrine (Matthew 7:28-29; Matthew 22:33; Mark 1:22)
        3. His power (Luke 4:32; Mark 4:39-41; John 7:46)
      2. Source of Christ’s teaching (John 7:16)
        1. The Son speaks of the Father (John 8:28; John 12:49-50; John 14:10).
        2. The Spirit speaks of the Son (John 14:26; John 15:26; John 16:13-15).
      3. Confirmation of Christ’s teaching (John 7:17-18)
        1. Through obedience (John 7:17; John 8:31-32; Psalm 25:12, 14)
          1. If you do the will of the Father
          2. You will know the doctrine of Christ.
          3. Principle: obedience leads to understanding
        2. Through humility (John 7:18; Philippians 2:3-5; Acts 17:10-11)
          1. Those who seek their own glory speak of themselves.
          2. Those who seek God’s glory speak of God.
            1. Their speech is true and honest.
            2. Their life is righteous.
      4. Justification in Christ’s teaching (John 7:19-24)
        1. Disobedience to the law (John 7:19-21; James 2:10)
          1. Their rejection of the law (John 7:19)
            1. Given by Moses (Nehemiah 10:29; John 1:17)
            2. Kept by none (Romans 3:19-20; Galatians 3:10)
            3. Their intention to murder Christ (John 7:25; John 5:16, 18; John 10:31; John 11:53)
          2. Their denial of guilt (John 7:20)
            1. Redirection of guilt – by accusing Christ of having a devil (John 8:48; John 10:20; Matthew 12:24)
            2. Pretended surprise – by asking who
          3. Their cause for concern (John 7:21)
            1. The work of Christ in Jerusalem (John 5:9-11)
            2. The astonishment of the people – they marvel
        2. Correct usage of the law (John 7:22-23)
          1. Moses established the law of circumcision to be performed on the eighth day after the birth of a son (John 7:22; Leviticus 12:3).
          2. Sometimes this eighth day falls on the Sabbath; yet it is still performed on that day (John 7:22).
          3. This is not considered a breaking of the Sabbath, but obedience to the law of Moses (John 7:23).
          4. How is it that the healing of a man on the Sabbath is not given the same prerogative? (John 7:23)
          5. What cause do the Jews have at a man being healed? (John 7:23)
        3. Practice of righteous judgment (John 7:24; 1 Samuel 6:17; Isaiah 11:3-4)
      5. Note: Four lessons of Christ’s teaching
        1. They that do His will shall know His doctrine (John 7:16-17).
        2. They who seek His glory shall speak the truth (John 7:18).
        3. They that judge righteously look not on appearance (John 7:24).
        4. They that know God shall recognize His servant (John 7:28-29).
      6. Christ’s teaching concerning Himself (John 7:25-36)
        1. His origin (John 7:25-32; John 6:32-33, 38, 41-42)
          1. The confusion of the people of Jerusalem (John 7:25-27)
            1. Is this the wanted man? (John 7:25)
            2. Do the rulers know something they have not told us? (John 7:26)
            3. How could this be the Christ? (John 7:27)
              1. We know whence this man came.
              2. We will not know this about the Christ.
          2. The confession of the Christ (John 7:28-29)
            1. What the people know (John 7:28)
              1. They know Jesus.
              2. They know whence Christ is.
              3. Note: Jesus is obviously speaking superficially here; they know He is of Nazareth.
            2. What the people do not know (John 7:28)
              1. That Christ is not come of Himself
              2. Who it is that sent Him
            3. What Jesus Christ knows (John 7:29)
              1. He knows the Father – “But I know him” (John 17:3; Jeremiah 9:23-24; Philippians 3:8-10; 2 Peter 1:3; 2 Peter 3:18; 1 John 5:20).
              2. He knows that He is of the Father.
              3. He knows that He is sent by the Father.
          3. The reactions of the people (John 7:30-32)
            1. Some sought to take Him (John 7:30).
              1. But no man laid hands on Him
              2. Because His hour was not yet come
            2. Some believed on Him (John 7:31).
              1. They saw His miracles.
              2. They determined that they were the miracles of the Christ.
            3. The Pharisees sent to arrest Him (John 7:32).
        2. His destination (John 7:33-36; John 14:12, 19)
          1. The teaching of Jesus (John 7:33-34)
            1. I will be with you a little while (John 7:33).
            2. I will go to Him that sent me (John 7:33).
            3. I will be sought but not found (John 7:34; Matthew 28:11-15).
            4. I will go where you cannot come (John 7:34).
          2. The doubting of the Jews (John 7:35-36)
            1. Concerning His destination (John 7:35)
              1. Where could He go?
              2. Would it be among the dispersed? (James 1:1; 1 Peter 1:1)
            2. Concerning His saying (John 7:36)
David Reagan

Daily Proverb

Proverbs 19:7

All the brethren of the poor do hate him: how much more do his friends go far from him? he pursueth them with words, yet they are wanting to him.