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The New Testament Church 0001 - Lesson 5

The Origin of the Church (Continued)

    1. A Future Church (Matthew 16:18)
      1. The promise concerning the church is future.
      2. He gave a time frame for this church in the passage, but we will deal with that later.
    2. A Present Church (Matthew 18:15-17; Hebrews 2:12)
      1. The Lord speaks of a church as though it is present tense (Matthew 18:15-17).
      2. The Lord sang praise in the church (Hebrews 2:12).
      3. Nothing happened in between Matthew 16 and Matthew 18 that would lead us to believe He built His church.
      4. Apparently, even while the Lord was promising to build a church, there was already a church in existence.
    1. The Announcement of the Church (Matthew 16:18)
      1. I will
        1. I – demonstrates the responsibility for bringing this church to pass is fully laid upon the Lord Jesus Christ.
        2. Will – demonstrates that it is yet future, and that it is certain to come to pass.
      2. Build – demonstrates how the church will come to be. It must be built, and it must be built by the Lord Himself.
      3. My church – demonstrates possession. The “church” mentioned here cannot be any “church” until the Lord owns it.
    2. The Building of the Church
      1. The Lord said He would build His church.
      2. The building of His church is connected to His death.
        1. Jesus Christ as the “chief corner stone”
          1. He was prophesied as a stone in the Old Testament (Psalm 118:22; Isaiah 8:14; Isaiah 28:16).
          2. The Lord deals with this in the New Testament as a truth that is connected to His rejection and crucifixion (Matthew 21:42; Mark 12:10; Luke 20:17-18).
          3. Simon Peter connects it to the rejection and crucifixion of the Lord Jesus (Acts 4:11).
          4. The Apostle Paul declares Christ to be the foundation (1 Corinthians 3:11) and says that Christ is the chief corner stone of the one body of Jews and Gentiles (Ephesians 2:20).
          5. Peter declares that we came to this stone and when we did we became a spiritual house (1 Peter 2:1-8).
        2. Jesus Christ as the carpenter (Mark 6:3) - As the carpenter he would have done a great deal of His work with
          1. Wood (Galatians 3:13)
          2. Nails (John 20:25)
          3. Hammer
        3. Solomon’s temple was built using timber and stone (1 Kings 5:18) and the Lord signified His presence in the temple by filling it with His glory (1 Kings 8:10-13).
      3. This is carried out in the context of Matthew 16.
        1. The announcement of the church (Matthew 16:18)
        2. The giving of the keys of the kingdom (Matthew 16:19-20)
        3. The announcement of the crucifixion (Matthew 16:21-23)
    3. The Purchase of the Church
      1. The New Testament Church is the Lord’s – “my church” (Matthew 16:18).
      2. It became His by a purchase.
        1. The “ church of God” was purchased with the blood of Christ (Acts 20:28).
        2. We have been redeemed by His blood (Ephesians 1:7; Colossians 1:14).
        3. Our eternal redemption was taken care of when the blood was placed on the mercy seat in heaven (Hebrews 9:12-14).
        4. The Holy Spirit is the earnest of that purchase (Ephesians 1:14).
    4. The Growth of the Church (1 Corinthians 13:11-13)
      1. Infancy
        1. Preaching only to Jews
        2. Preaching the baptism of John
        3. Sign gifts
      2. Childhood
        1. Sign gifts
        2. Began to reach out to Gentiles
      3. Maturity
        1. Sign gifts ceased.
        2. Jew and Gentiles in one body
        3. The focus on faith, hope, and charity
    5. The Beginning of the New Testament
      1. The mediator of the testament (Hebrews 9:15)
      2. The offering of the testament (Hebrews 9:16-17)
        1. The testament is present (Hebrews 9:16).
        2. The testament is prepared while the testator lives (Hebrews 9:17).
      3. The effect of the testament (Hebrews 9:16-17)
        1. The death of the testator is necessary (Hebrews 9:16).
        2. The testament is of force after men are dead (Hebrews 9:17).
      4. The dedication of the testament (Hebrews 9:18)
    6. Conclusion
      1. A church was present during the earthly ministry of Christ (Matthew 18:17; Hebrews 2:12).
      2. This could not, however, be the New Testament church as the New Testament was not in effect until the death of Christ.
      3. The church could not be rightfully called “my church” by Christ until He purchased it with His blood (Acts 20:28).
      4. This did not happen until Christ sprinkled His blood on the mercy seat in heaven which likely took place between John 20:17 and Matthew 28:9.
      5. We know the New Testament church began no later than Pentecost when the Lord is said to have “added” to the church (Acts 2:47).
      6. This would narrow the beginning of the New Testament church to some time between John 20:17 and Acts 2:47.
Andrew Ray

Daily Proverb

Proverbs 21:29

A wicked man hardeneth his face: but as for the upright, he directeth his way.