David Kills the Giant

Scripture Passage: 
1 Samuel 17:1-58

INTRODUCTION: Saul may still be on the throne in Israel, but he has already been replaced in the sight of God. Gradually, he is losing credibility among his own people. In this lesson, we witness the continued demotion of Saul and promotion of David.

  1. THE BATTLE WITH THE PHILISTINES (1 Samuel 17:1-11)
    1. The Camp of the Philistines (1 Samuel 17:1-3)
      1. The gathering of the Philistines (1 Samuel 17:1)
      2. The gathering of the Israelites (1 Samuel 17:2)
      3. The standoff between them (1 Samuel 17:3)
    2. The Champion of the Philistines (1 Samuel 17:4-7)
      1. His identity (1 Samuel 17:4)
        1. A champion of the Philistines
        2. Goliath of Gath (see Deuteronomy 2:20-21; Deuteronomy 3:11; Joshua 11:22; 2 Samuel 21:20-22)
        3. Six cubits and a span (about 9 ½ feet)
      2. His armour (1 Samuel 17:5-7)
        1. A helmet of brass (1 Samuel 17:5)
        2. A coat of mail – thought to be a metal ringed armour (1 Samuel 17:5); over 200 pounds in weight
        3. Greaves of brass (1 Samuel 17:6); metal plate on his lower legs
        4. A target of brass (1 Samuel 17:6); protection for the throat
        5. A spear (1 Samuel 17:7); a staff like a weaver’s beam and a head weighing six hundred shekels of iron (about 19 pounds)
        6. An armourbearer with a shield (1 Samuel 17:7)
    3. The Challenge of the Philistines (1 Samuel 17:8-11)
      1. The claim of superiority of the Philistines (1 Samuel 17:8)
      2. The call to Israel (1 Samuel 17:8-9)
        1. To choose a man (1 Samuel 17:8; Jeremiah 5:1; Ezekiel 22:30)
        2. To settle the battle with a two-man confrontation (1 Samuel 17:9)
      3. The fear imposed by Goliath (1 Samuel 17:10-11)
        1. He defied the armies of Israel (1 Samuel 17:10).
        2. Saul and his men were afraid (1 Samuel 17:11).
  2. THE COMING OF DAVID TO THE BATTLE (1 Samuel 17:12-29)
    1. The Charge of David (1 Samuel 17:12-19)
      1. To feed the sheep (1 Samuel 17:12-15)
        1. The household of Jesse (1 Samuel 17:12-14)
        2. The responsibility of David (1 Samuel 17:15; 1 Samuel 16:11)
      2. To deliver supplies (1 Samuel 17:16-19)
        1. The testing of Goliath (1 Samuel 17:16); continued for forty days (see Genesis 7:4; Matthew 4:2)
        2. The errand of David (1 Samuel 17:17-18)
        3. The camp of Saul (1 Samuel 17:19)
    2. The Curiosity of David (1 Samuel 17:20-27)
      1. The ongoing battle (1 Samuel 17:20-22)
      2. The defiant champion (1 Samuel 17:23-24; 2 Peter 2:10-12)
      3. The questioning youth (1 Samuel 17:25-27; cp. Judges 6:12-13)
    3. The Cause of the Lord (1 Samuel 17:28-29)
      1. The scolding of Eliab (1 Samuel 17:28)
      2. The plea of David (1 Samuel 17:29; Psalm 74:22)
  3. DAVID’S OFFER TO FIGHT GOLIATH (1 Samuel 17:29-37)
    1. His Conviction in the Cause (1 Samuel 17:29-32)
      1. His conviction (1 Samuel 17:29)
      2. His conversation (1 Samuel 17:30; Acts 4:20)
      3. His conference (1 Samuel 17:31; Proverbs 22:29)
      4. His contribution (1 Samuel 17:32)
    2. His Confidence in the Lord (1 Samuel 17:33-37)
      1. Saul’s objection (1 Samuel 17:33)
      2. David’s answer (1 Samuel 17:34-36)
      3. David’s faith (1 Samuel 17:37; 2 Corinthians 5:7)
  4. DAVID’S APPROACH TO THE GIANT (1 Samuel 17:38-47)
    1. He Refuses Saul’s Armour (1 Samuel 17:38-39).
      1. Saul offers his armour to David (1 Samuel 17:38-39).
      2. David cannot take armour that he has not yet proved (1 Samuel 17:39).
    2. He Chooses His Weapon (1 Samuel 17:40).
      1. He takes a staff in his hand.
      2. He chooses five (one for Goliath and one for each of Goliath’s brothers – see 2 Samuel 21:20-22) smooth stones and a sling.
    3. He Receives Goliath’s Reproach (1 Samuel 17:41-44).
      1. Goliath mocks and curses David by his gods (1 Samuel 17:42-43).
      2. Goliath promises death for David (1 Samuel 17:44).
    4. He Declares His Faith (1 Samuel 17:45-47; Ephesians 6:10; 2 Timothy 2:1).
      1. David is coming in the name of the Lord of hosts (1 Samuel 17:45).
      2. David is assured that God will get the victory (1 Samuel 17:46-47).
  5. DAVID’S VICTORY OVER GOLIATH (1 Samuel 17:48-58)
    1. David Smites the Enemy (1 Samuel 17:48-51).
      1. Hits him in the forehead (1 Samuel 17:48-49)
        1. The forehead, by reason of its hardness, is used in the Bible as a type of man’s stubbornness or willfulness.
          1. In a positive sense, it can refer to his determined resistance to the wicked (Ezekiel 3:8-9).
          2. In a negative sense, it refers to stubborn defiance of God and His ways (Jeremiah 3:3).
        2. Goliath’s primary sin was his pride (1 Samuel 17:42-44); therefore, he was smitten in his forehead.
      2. Cuts off his head (1 Samuel 17:50-51); a symbol of authority and rule
    2. The Philistines Flee from Israel (1 Samuel 17:52-53).
      1. The Israelites pursue the Philistines to the gates of Ekron (1 Samuel 17:52).
      2. Wounded Philistines fall by the way (1 Samuel 17:52).
      3. The Israelites return to spoil the tents of the Philistines (1 Samuel 17:53).
    3. David Stands before King Saul (1 Samuel 17:54-58).
      1. David returns to Jerusalem (1 Samuel 17:54).
      2. David is brought to Saul (1 Samuel 17:55-58).

CONCLUSION: What giants do you face in your life?  By studying David’s victory over Goliath, you can learn how to face your giants.

David Reagan and Andrew Ray

Daily Proverb

Proverbs 19:1

Better is the poor that walketh in his integrity, than he that is perverse in his lips, and is a fool.