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Bible History - The Law of Moses

  1. AS A TEXT
    1. Written by Moses
      1. Written by divine revelation (Deuteronomy 29:29) –Moses did not need to be there
      2. Written by divine direction (2 Peter 1:21)
        1. His birth (Exodus 2:1-2)
        2. His meekness (Numbers 12:3)
        3. His rebellion (Numbers 20:11-12,24)
        4. His death (Deuteronomy 34:5-8)
    2. Titles
      1. Pentateuch
        1. Scholarly name
        2. Means “five books”
      2. Torah
        1. Jewish name
        2. Means “law”
      3. The Law of Moses
        1. Biblical name (Ezra 3:2; Ezra 7:6; 1 Corinthians 9:9)
        2. Bible references: 21 times
          1. Old Testament: 14 times
          2. New Testament: 7 times
    3. One of the Divisions of the Hebrew Bible (Luke 24:44)
      1. The Law of Moses
      2. The Prophets
      3. The Writings
    4. The Five Books
      1. Genesis
        1. Name means “beginnings” –compare generations, generate
        2. Theme: Creation (Genesis 1:1)
        3. Ends “in a coffin in Egypt”
      2. Exodus
        1. Name means “departure”
        2. Theme: Redemption (Exodus 6:6; Exodus 12:13)
      3. Leviticus
        1. Name means “book of the Levites”
        2. Theme: Holiness (Leviticus 11:44-45; Leviticus 19:2; Leviticus 20:7-8)
      4. Numbers
        1. Name means “census” or “numbering”  -notice that only potential soldiers were counted (Numbers 1:6)
        2. Theme: Warfare (Numbers 31:1-8)
      5. Deuteronomy
        1. Name means “second law”  -not a new law; but a summary, repetition and application of the Mosaic Law
        2. Theme: Obedience (Deuteronomy 7:6-11)
  2. AS A TOPIC
    1. The Place of the Law in Doctrine  -see notes on Romans 7
    2. The Divisions of the Law of Moses
      1. By application
        1. Moral Law
          1. Basic moral principles
          2. The ten commandments
        2. Ceremonial Law
          1. Man’s duties to God
          2. Concerns tabernacle, priesthood, sacrifices, feasts, etc.
        3. Civil Law
          1. Man’s duties to man
          2. Concerns families, servants, strangers, crimes, property, justice and various regulations
      2. By attitude
        1. From Jewish tradition of 613 commandments ( mitzvot ) in the Mosaic Law
        2. 365 negative commandments corresponding to the 365 days in a solar year
        3. 248 positive commandments corresponding to the number of parts in the human body
      3. By time (traditional)
        1. Time-bound – commandments which must be observed at a particular time (during the day or during the year)
        2. Non-time-bound
      4. By reason (traditional)
        1. Rational – the reason for doing it can be seen by reason
        2. Nonrational – cannot be supported by human reason
David Reagan

Daily Proverb

Proverbs 1:4

To give subtilty to the simple, to the young man knowledge and discretion.