Dispensationalism III - Lesson 5

  1. THE DISPENSATION OF THE LAW (Exodus 24:1-8) (Continued)
    1. Purposes of the Law (Continued)
      1. To condemn the sinner (Romans 3:19; Romans 4:15; Galatians 3:10, 21-22)
      2. To prepare the heart of the Israelites for the faith of Christ (Galatians 3:23-26)
    2. Content
      1. Exodus 20 to Malachi 4 (to some extent, includes some of the material in the gospels)
      2. Begins with the giving of the law at Mount Sinai (Exodus 19:1-20:21)
      3. Goes up until the time of John the Baptist (Luke 16:16)
      4. Lasts for about 1500 years
    3. Condition
      1. The Gentiles
        1. Outside the covenants (Romans 9:4-5; Ephesians 2:11-12, 19)
        2. Ignorant (Acts 14:15-17; Acts 17:30)
        3. Without law but not without conscience (Romans 2:12-15)
      2. The Israelites
        1. Their privilege
          1. To be a holy people unto God (Exodus 19:5-6; Deuteronomy 7:6-8)
          2. To be made into a great nation (Deuteronomy 4:5-10, 34; Deuteronomy 26:5-9)
          3. To receive the word of God (Deuteronomy 4:5-8, 32-36; Psalm 147:19-20; Romans 3:1-2)
        2. Their responsibility
          1. To keep the commandments of the Lord (Leviticus 18:5)
          2. To keep all the words of the law (Deuteronomy 27:26)
          3. Summary of the law given to Moses
            1. Moral Law – the ten commandments and the parts of the law that are morally right or wrong (Exodus 20:1-17; see Exodus 22:18-24)
            2. Civil Law – laws about man’s relationship with men (see Exodus 21:12-19; Exodus 22:1-15)
            3. Ceremonial Law – laws about man’s approach unto God
              1. Tabernacle (see Exodus 26:1-3)
              2. Priesthood (see Exodus 29:5-10)
              3. Offerings (see Leviticus 1:1-9)
    4. Covenant (Exodus 24:1-8)
      1. A covenant made through the mediation of Moses (Malachi 4:4) – thus called the Mosaic Covenant
      2. A covenant between the Lord and the people of Israel
      3. A conditional covenant; that is, one in which both sides were bound to keep the agreement (Exodus 24:3, 7-8)
      4. A covenant made with the blood of animals (Exodus 24:5-8; Hebrews 9:18-23)
    5. Commission (Exodus 19:3-6; Deuteronomy 26:16-19)
      1. To be a special people (Exodus 19:5)
        1. A peculiar people (Exodus 19:5; Deuteronomy 14:2; Deuteronomy 29:18)
        2. A people of inheritance (Deuteronomy 4:20; Deuteronomy 9:29; Deuteronomy 10:15)
        3. An holy and special people (Deuteronomy 7:6-8; Deuteronomy 14:21; Deuteronomy 26:19; Deuteronomy 28:9-10)
        4. A people unto Himself (Deuteronomy 29:10-15)
        5. As the Lord’s portion (Deuteronomy 32:9; Psalm 135:4; Isaiah 43:20-21)
      2. To be a priestly nation (Exodus 19:6)
        1. A priestly nation (Exodus 19:6; Isaiah 61:6)
        2. An holy nation (Exodus 19:6)
      3. To be a holy kingdom (Exodus 19:6)
      4. To be a testimony to the nations
        1. Above all people and nations (Exodus 19:5; Deuteronomy 7:6; Deuteronomy 14:2)
        2. To be admired by the nations (Deuteronomy 4:5-8)
        3. To be sought out by the nations (Isaiah 11:10; Isaiah 42:6; Isaiah 49:6)
        4. To bring God’s kingdom to all the earth (Isaiah 2:1-4; Isaiah 60:1-5; Zechariah 2:10-13)
    6. Crisis
      1. Rejection of the Law (Jeremiah 6:19; Hosea 4:6)
      2. Keeping the form without the heart (Isaiah 1:11-15; Isaiah 58:1-7; Amos 5:21-27; Micah 6:7-8)
      3. Rejecting their Messiah (John 1:11; Acts 2:22-23; Acts 3:13-15; Acts 7:52)
    7. Condemnation
      1. Taken into captivity
      2. Jerusalem destroyed (Matthew 24:1-2)
      3. Broken off from the tree (Romans 11:11-21)
      4. Blinded as to the truth (Romans 11:7-10, 25; John 12:37-41)
    8. Compassion
      1. A remnant of grace (Romans 11:1-5)
      2. A promise of salvation and restoration (Romans 9:27; Romans 11:22-29)
    9. Change – the transitional man at the end of the dispensation of Law is John the Baptist (Luke 16:16).  He is so important that a separate section will be given to him.
David Reagan

Daily Proverb

Proverbs 18:1

Through desire a man, having separated himself, seeketh and intermeddleth with all wisdom.