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The Book of Numbers 0005 - Lesson 4

Scripture Passage: 
Numbers 27:1-23

Chapter 27

Provisions for Inheritance

  1. THE INHERITANCE OF PROPERTY (Numbers 27:1-11)
    1. A Problem of Inheritance (Numbers 27:1-5)
      1. The daughters of Zelophehad approach Moses (Numbers 27:1-2).
      2. The problem stated (Numbers 27:3-4)
        1. Our father died in the wilderness (Numbers 27:3).
        2. He was not with Korah (Numbers 27:3).
        3. He died in his own sin (Numbers 27:3).
        4. He had no sons (Numbers 27:3).
        5. Why should the name of our father be done away? (Numbers 27:4)
        6. Give unto us a possession (Numbers 27:4).
        7. The zeal of these women
          1. The possible removal of their father’s landmarks (Proverbs 22:28)
          2. Fighting for things that were rightfully theirs
      3. Moses took the problem to the Lord (Numbers 27:5).
    2. The Lord Gives Rules Concerning Inheritance (Numbers 27:6-11)
      1. The case of the daughters of Zelophehad (Numbers 27:6-7)
        1. The daughters of Zelophehad speak right (Numbers 26:7).
        2. Thou shalt give them a possession (Numbers 26:7; Galatians 3:28).
        3. Thou shalt cause the inheritance of their father to pass unto them (Numbers 26:7).
      2. The order of inheritance (Numbers 27:8-11)
        1. The inheritance would first pass unto the sons (Numbers 27:3, 8).
        2. If a man has no son (Numbers 27:8)
        3. If a man has no daughters (Numbers 27:9)
        4. If a man has no brethren (Numbers 27:10)
        5. If a man’s father has no brethren (Numbers 27:11)
        6. This shall be a statute of judgment for the children of Israel (Numbers 27:11).
  2. THE INHERITANCE OF POSITION (Numbers 27:12-23)
    1. The Preparation of the Man of God for His Departure (Numbers 27:12-14)
      1. Moses to view the land (Numbers 27:12)
        1. From Mount Abarim
        2. This is the same as Mount Pisgah (Deuteronomy 3:27; Deuteronomy 32:49-51).
        3. This viewing is a gift from the Lord to the man of God.
          1. Moses viewing the land (Deuteronomy 3:23-27)
          2. Israel seeing Joseph alive (Genesis 46:28-30)
          3. Simeon holding the Lord (Luke 2:25-33)
      2. Moses to be gathered unto his people (Numbers 27:13)
        1. After viewing the land
        2. Passing as did his brother Aaron
      3. The reason for Moses’ departure (Numbers 27:14)
        1. Rebellion against the Lord’s commandment
        2. Failure to sanctify the Lord at the water before the eyes of the children of Israel
    2. The Preparation of the Man of God for His Flock (Numbers 27:15-17)
      1. Moses petitions the Lord (Numbers 27:15-16).
        1. Let the LORD
        2. The God of the spirits of all flesh
      2. Moses asks the Lord to set a man over the congregation (Numbers 27:17).
        1. Moses’ request follows the news of his own departure.
        2. Moses asks the Lord to set a man over the congregation.
          1. Which may go out before them
          2. Which may go in before them
          3. Which may lead them out
          4. Which may bring them in
          5. That the congregation of the Lord be not as sheep having no shepherd
    3. The Preparation of the Man of God for His Successor (Numbers 27:18-23)
      1. The call of his successor (Numbers 27:18)
        1. Revealed to Moses
        2. Called by name
          1. Joshua
          2. The son of Nun
        3. A man in whom is the spirit.
          1. We commonly think of the Spirit coming upon men in the Old Testament.
          2. Apparently Joshua was a man who experienced the indwelling of the Spirit in some way.
      2. The charge of his successor (Numbers 27:18-20)
        1. Lay thine hand upon him (Numbers 27:18).
        2. Set him before Eleazar the priest and all the congregation (Numbers 27:19).
        3. Give him a charge in their sight (Numbers 27:19; 2 Timothy 4:1-8).
        4. Thou shalt put some of thine honour upon him (Numbers 27:20).
        5. That the congregation may be obedient (Numbers 27:20)
      3. The commission of his successor (Numbers 27:21)
        1. He shall stand before Eleazar the priest.
        2. Eleazar shall ask counsel for Joshua before the Lord.
          1. This seems to indicate that Joshua would go to the Lord through the priest.
          2. Moses was not so.
        3. At his word shall they go out and come in.
          1. The “his word” could be Joshua.
          2. The “his word” could be Eleazar.
          3. The “his word” most likely refers to the Lord.
      4. The completion of the charge (Numbers 27:22-23)
Andrew Ray

Daily Proverb

Proverbs 2:14

Who rejoice to do evil, and delight in the frowardness of the wicked;