The Gospel of John V - Lesson 4

                              The Good Shepherd                                     John 10:1-42

  1. THE PARABLE OF THE SHEPHERD (John 10:1-6)
    1. His Entrance into the Sheepfold (John 10:1-2)
      1. The pretenders (John 10:1; Jeremiah 14:15; Jeremiah 23:21, 32; Ezekiel 13:2-6; Matthew 7:15; 2 Peter 2:1)
        1. Their entrance into the sheepfold
          1. Not by the door
          2. Climb in some other way
        2. Their identity (Ezekiel 34:2-5; Zechariah 11:16-17; Romans 16:17-18; 2 Corinthians 11:13-15; Titus 1:11; 2 Peter 2:3, 18-19)
          1. A thief
          2. A robber
      2. The true (John 10:2)
        1. He enters by the door.
        2. He is the shepherd of the sheep.
        3. First mention of shepherd in the Bible (Genesis 46:34) – an abomination to the Egyptians
        4. God as the Shepherd of Israel (Psalm 80:1; Psalm 23:1; Ecclesiastes 12:11; Isaiah 40:11; Jeremiah 31:10)
        5. Jesus Christ as our Shepherd
          1. In prophecy (Genesis 49:24; Zechariah 13:7); the reference to David in Ezekiel 34:23-24 may also partly apply to Christ.
          2. As the Good Shepherd (John 10:11, 14)
          3. As the Great Shepherd (Hebrews 13:20)
          4. As the Shepherd of your Souls (1 Peter 2:25)
          5. As the Chief Shepherd (1 Peter 5:4)
    2. The Voice of the Shepherd (John 10:3-5)
      1. His voice is recognized (John 10:3).
        1. By the porter – perhaps a reference to the Holy Ghost
        2. By the sheep
          1. They hear His voice.
          2. He calls them by name (Exodus 31:2; Exodus 33:12, 17; Esther 2:14; Psalm 147:4; Isaiah 40:26; Isaiah 43:1, 7; Isaiah 45:3-4; Isaiah 63:19; 3 John 1:14).
          3. He leads them out (Psalm 78:52-53).
      2. His voice is followed (John 10:4).
        1. He goes before them.
        2. The sheep follow Him.
      3. His voice is distinct (John 10:5).
        1. They follow not the voice of strangers.
        2. They flee from the voice of strangers.
    3. The Confusion of the Disciples (John 10:6)
      1. They heard the parable.
      2. They did not understand the parable.
  2. THE IDENTITY OF THE DOOR (John 10:7-10)
    1. Heard by the Sheep (John 10:7-8)
      1. Christ as the door of the sheep (John 10:7; John 14:6; Ephesians 2:18; Hebrews 10:19-20)
      2. Those who are imposters (John 10:8)
        1. Who came before Christ
        2. Identified as thieves and robbers
        3. Not heard by the sheep
    2. Bringing Life to the Sheep (John 10:9-10)
      1. The door of salvation (John 10:9)
        1. The identity of the door – “I am the door”
        2. The offer of the door – “by me if any man”
        3. The entrance through the door – “enter in”
        4. The assurance of the door – “he shall be saved”
        5. The privilege of the door – “and shall go in and out”
          1. Our safety – “in”
          2. Our service – “out”
        6. The blessings of the door – “and find pasture”
      2. The purpose of the thief (John 10:10)
        1. To steal
        2. To kill
        3. To destroy
      3. The purpose of the door (John 10:10)
        1. That they might have life
        2. That they might have life more abundantly
        3. Note: the life that Christ gives
          1. Spiritual life (John 3:3-8; Titus 3:5)
          2. Abundant life (1 Corinthians 15:58; 2 Corinthians 2:14; 2 Corinthians 9:8; Galatians 2:20; Colossians 2:9-10)
          3. Resurrected life (1 Corinthians 15:19-22, 51-57)
          4. Remembered life (Malachi 3:16; 2 Timothy 4:6-8)
          5. Eternal life (John 10:27-30)
  3. THE IDENTITY OF THE SHEPHERD (John 10:11-18)
    1. Will Give His Life for the Sheep (John 10:11-13)
      1. The Good Shepherd (John 10:11)
        1. Identified as Jesus Christ
        2. Known by His willingness to die for the sheep
      2. The hireling (John 10:12-13; Isaiah 56:10-12)
        1. The sheep are not his own (John 10:12).
        2. He flees at the sight of the wolf (John 10:12).
          1. To be caught
          2. To be scattered
        3. He cares not for the sheep (John 10:13).
    2. Knows and is Known by the Sheep (John 10:14-15)
      1. His relationship with the sheep (John 10:14)
        1. He knows His sheep.
        2. He is known of the sheep.
      2. His relationship with the Father (John 10:15)
        1. The Father knows Him.
        2. He knows the Father.
      3. His sacrifice for the sheep (John 10:15) – “I lay down my life for the sheep.”
    3. Will Gather All the Sheep (John 10:16)
      1. The other sheep (Isaiah 56:3-8)
        1. Not of this fold (Psalm 86:9; Isaiah 11:10; Isaiah 49:6; Zechariah 2:11)
        2. To be brought also
        3. They shall hear the Shepherd’s voice.
      2. In one fold (Ephesians 2:11-22)
      3. Under one shepherd
    4. Will Lay Down His Life for the Sheep (John 10:17-18)
      1. Cause of His Father’s love (John 10:17)
      2. His supreme love (John 10:18)
        1. No man can take His life from Him.
        2. He lays down His life of His own will.
      3. His absolute power (John 10:18)
        1. Power to lay His life down: crucifixion
        2. Power to take His life again: resurrection
      4. His complete obedience (John 10:18; John 4:34)
David Reagan

Daily Proverb

Proverbs 1:2

To know wisdom and instruction; to perceive the words of understanding;