The Gospel of John VIII - Lesson 4

                        The Cross and the Tomb                                 John 19:1-42                                  (Continued)

  1. THE DEATH OF JESUS CHRIST (John 19:28-37) (Continued)
    1. The Soundness of His Bones (John 19:31-33)
      1. The request of the Jews (John 19:31)
        1. It was the day of preparation.
        2. They did not want bodies on the cross on the sabbath day.
          1. An high day
          2. The feast of unleavened bread (Leviticus 23:4-7)
          3. One of seven annual sabbath days which were held on calendar days of the year and not on a specific day of the week (Leviticus 23:7, 8, 21, 25, 28, 35, 36)
          4. They understood the curse of the cross (Deuteronomy 21:22-23; Galatians 3:13).
        3. They asked Pilate to have the legs of those crucified broken so they might die quickly.
      2. The work of the soldiers (John 19:32-33)
        1. Breaking the legs of the other men (John 19:32)
        2. Finding Jesus already dead (John 19:33)
        3. Not breaking the legs of Jesus (John 19:33)
    2. The Piercing of His Side (John 19:34-37)
      1. The work of the soldier (John 19:34)
        1. He pierced the side of Jesus with a spear.
        2. Out came blood and water
      2. The truth of the record (John 19:35)
      3. The fulfillment of the scriptures (John 19:36-37)
        1. Not a bone broken (John 19:36; cp. Exodus 12:46 with 1 Corinthians 5:7; Numbers 9:12; Psalm 34:20)
        2. He shall be pierced (John 19:37; Zechariah 12:10; Revelation 1:7).
    3. The Sayings of Christ on the Cross
      1. The words of provision
        1. The provision of forgiveness (Luke 23:34)
        2. The provision of salvation (Luke 23:43)
        3. The provision of security (John 19:26-27)
      2. The words of suffering
        1. The suffering of His body (John 19:30)
        2. The suffering of His soul (Matthew 27:46; Mark 15:34; Psalm 22:1)
      3. The words of completion
        1. The completion of His work (John 19:30)
        2. The completion of His life (Luke 23:46)
    4. Prophecy Fulfilled on the Cross
      1. Pierced His hands and feet (John 19:17-18; John 20:25; Psalm 22:16; Zechariah 13:6)
      2. Lifted Him up from the earth (John 3:14; John 12:32-33)
      3. Parted His garments (John 19:23-24; Psalm 22:18)
      4. Revealed His thirst (John 19:28; Psalm 69:21)
      5. Broke none of His bones (John 19:31-33, 36; Exodus 12:46; Numbers 9:12; 1 Corinthians 5:7)
      6. Pierced His side (John 19:34, 37; Zechariah 12:10; Revelation 1:7)
    5. Salvation Provided through the Cross
      1. Substitutionary in its character – He died for the ungodly (Romans 4:24-25; Romans 5:6-8; 1 Corinthians 15:3; 1 Peter 3:18; Galatians 2:20; 2 Corinthians 5:21).
      2. Complete in its scope – Finished once and for all (John 19:30; Romans 6:9-10; Hebrews 10:10-14; Revelation 16:17; Revelation 21:22)
      3. Practical in its aim – For whosoever will (John 3:14-16; John 10:9; 1 Timothy 1:15; Titus 2:11; 2 Peter 3:9)
      4. Personal in its application (John 1:11-12; John 3:3-8; Acts 8:37; Romans 10:8-17)
  2. THE BURIAL OF JESUS CHRIST (John 19:38-42)
    1. The Request for His Body (John 19:38; Matthew 27:57-58; Mark 15:42-43; Luke 23:50-52)
      1. By Joseph of Arimathaea
        1. A disciple of Jesus
        2. A secret disciple for fear of the Jews
      2. The request granted
      3. With the rich in His death (Isaiah 53:9)
    2. The Removal of His Body (John 19:38; Matthew 27:58; Luke 23:53; Mark 15:45-46)
    3. The Preparation of His Body (John19:39-40; Matthew 27:59)
      1. Visited by Nicodemus (John 19:39)
        1. Who came to Jesus by night
        2. Bringing a mixture of myrrh and aloes
      2. Wound in linen clothes (John 19:40)
      3. Wound up with spices (John 19:40)
      4. According to the manner of the Jews (John 19:40)
    4. The Burial of His Body (John 19:41-42; Matthew 27:60; Mark 15:46; Isaiah 53:9)
      1. Near the place where He was crucified (John 19:41)
      2. In a place with a garden (John 19:41)
      3. In a new sepulcher (John 19:41)
      4. In a place nigh at hand (John 19:42)

            The Resurrection of Jesus Christ                           John 20:1-31

  1. THE FACT OF THE RESURRECTION OF CHRIST (John 20:1-18)
    1. The Discovery of Mary Magdalene (John 20:1-2)
      1. The time (John 20:1)
        1. On the first day of the week
          1. The morrow after the Sabbath
            1. The time of the feast of the firstfruits (Leviticus 23:10-11); a picture of the resurrection of Christ (1 Corinthians 15:20, 23)
            2. The time of the feast of weeks – Pentecost (Leviticus 23:15-17); a type of the coming of the Spirit and the marking of a new dispensation
          2. The time of the resurrection of Christ (Matthew 28:1; Mark 16:2, 9; Luke 24:1; John 20:1)
          3. The time when the risen Christ met with His disciples (John 20:19)
          4. The time when the church at Troas met to hear Paul preach (Acts 20:7)
          5. The time when the collections were gathered of the congregation (1 Corinthians 16:2)
          6. Early called “the Lord’s day” (Revelation 1:10) because it was the day of resurrection and the day when the people of God especially met to worship the Lord. Note: many Bible students limit the meaning of Revelation 1:10 to a reference to the day of the Lord as defined in the Old Testament. Although this may be a good application, John seems to be referring to a particular day as “the Lord’s day.” This day would be Sunday.
        2. When it was dark
          1. Jesus Christ was already risen from the dead before daylight.
          2. This would fit into the concept of the Jewish 24-hour day beginning when the sun goes down in the evening.
      2. Her discovery (John 20:1)
        1. A removed stone (Matthew 27:60; Matthew 28:1-2; Mark 16:1-4)
        2. An empty sepulchre
      3. Her reaction (John 20:2)
        1. She ran.
          1. To Simon Peter
          2. To John – “whom Jesus loved”
        2. She said,
          1. They have taken the Lord out of the sepulchre.
          2. We know not where they have taken Him – “we” (Mark 16:1).
    2. The Investigation of Peter and John (John 20:3-10)
      1. Their run to the sepulchre (John 20:3-6a)
        1. Peter and John both run to the tomb (John 20:3).
        2. John outran Peter and came first to the tomb (John 20:4).
        3. John stopped at the door of the tomb (John 20:5).
          1. He stooped down.
          2. He looked in.
          3. He saw the linen clothes.
        4. Peter ran inside the tomb (John 20:6a).
      2. The evidence at the sepulchre (John 20:6b-7)
        1. The linen clothes (John 20:6b; John 19:40; John 11:44)
        2. The folded napkin (John 20:7)
          1. It had been about His head.
          2. It was not with the linen clothes.
          3. It was wrapped together in a place by itself; this was not the act of a robbery or of anything being done in a hurry.
      3. The faith of John (John 20:8-9)
        1. John then went into the sepulchre (John 20:8).
        2. John saw the empty tomb and believed (John 20:8).
          1. He was the first to believe in the resurrected Christ without seeing the resurrected Christ.
          2. Compare this with the other disciples (Mark 16:11-14).
          3. As such, he received a special blessing from the Lord (John 20:29).
        3. The disciples did not yet know the scriptures that prophesied of the resurrection of Christ (John 20:9; Psalm 16:10; Isaiah 53:9-12).
      4. Their return to their home (John 20:10)
    3. The Appearance of the Angels (John 20:11-13)
      1. The despair of Mary (John 20:11)
        1. Without
        2. Weeping
        3. Watching
      2. The two angels sitting (John 20:12); compare with Luke 24:4 – “two men stood by them in shining garments.”
        1. In white (Matthew 28:3)
        2. Sitting
          1. One at the head
          2. One at the feet
      3. The question of the angels (John 20:13)
        1. They asked why Mary was weeping.
        2. She answered that someone had taken away her Lord.
David Reagan

Daily Proverb

Proverbs 22:13

The slothful man saith, There is a lion without, I shall be slain in the streets.