The Gospel of John VIII - Lesson 5

                     The Resurrection of Jesus Christ                                     John 20:1-31                                      (Continued)

  1. THE FACT OF THE RESURRECTION OF CHRIST (John 20:1-18) (Continued)
    1. The First Appearance of Jesus (John 20:14-18)
      1. The unnoted presence of Jesus (John 20:14-15; John 21:4; Genesis 28:16)
      2. Her conversation with the unknown Jesus (John 20:15)
        1. He asked her why she was weeping (as in John 20:13).
        2. She supposed him to be the gardener.
        3. She asked where the body of Jesus had been laid.
      3. The revealed person of Jesus (John 20:16; Mark 16:9)
        1. He called her name: Mary.
        2. She turned herself.
        3. She responded: Rabboni.
          1. Meaning Master (John 1:38)
          2. Refers to Him as a teacher (John 3:2)
          3. Rabboni specifically means “my Master.”
      4. The first ascension of Jesus (John 20:17)
        1. The statements of Christ
          1. Touch me not.
          2. I am not yet ascended.
          3. I ascend to my Father.
        2. The problem
          1. Jesus will not visibly ascend for forty days (Acts 1:3).
          2. The other women will be holding His feet (touching Him) in a short time (Matthew 28:9).
        3. The biblical solution
          1. Note: the following is not the solution of the majority of the commentators. They try to make the expression symbolic, but the result does not satisfy the details of the conversation.
          2. There is a temple in heaven (Revelation 11:19; Revelation 15:5). This temple was the pattern for the earthly tabernacle (Exodus 25:40; Hebrews 8:5).
          3. Jesus made an offering of His own blood for the sins of man; but He made this offering in the heavenly temple and not in the earthly one (Hebrews 9:11-12, 24-26; Acts 20:28).
          4. Jesus followed the pattern of making atonement as given in the law for the Day of Atonement (Leviticus 16:15-19).
            1. No man was to be in the tabernacle (Leviticus 16:17).
            2. The priest must not be touched by an unclean person (Leviticus 22:5-6).
            3. Note: Mary was unclean being in the flesh and Jesus with His offering of blood could not be touched by her or anyone else before He made His offering at the heavenly mercy seat.
          5. Jesus, therefore, ascended into heaven to make atonement in the heavenly temple for our sins and then made a quick return to earth (Matthew 28:9). The sacrifice could have been completed in a half hour (compare Revelation 8:1-4) or less. The trip to and from heaven did not need to take up any time at all. The later slow ascension into heaven was for the viewing of the disciples.
      5. The testimony of Mary (John 20:18)
        1. She had seen the Lord Jesus.
        2. She had heard His words.
  2. THE APPEARANCE OF CHRIST TO HIS DISCIPLES (John 20:19-31)
    1. When Thomas was Absent (John 20:19-23)
      1. The appearance of Jesus (John 20:19-20)
        1. The fear of the disciples (John 20:19)
          1. On the first day of the week
          2. Meeting behind closed doors
          3. Assembled in secret for fear of the Jews (contrast Acts 4:31)
        2. The comfort of the Saviour (John 20:19)
          1. He is not hindered by the closed doors.
            1. He appeared in the midst of them.
            2. His glorified body was not hindered by physical obstructions.
          2. He gave them a message of peace (John 14:27; John 16:33)
        3. The joy of the disciples (John 20:20; John 16:22)
          1. He showed them His hands and side.
            1. He was not a spirit (Luke 24:39); He had flesh and bones, though no mention is made of blood.
            2. He proved His resurrection in a very powerful way (1 John 1:1-3).
          2. The disciples were glad (John 16:19-22; Matthew 28:8; Luke 24:41).
      2. The provision of Jesus (John 20:21-23)
        1. Their commission (John 20:21; Mark 16:15)
          1. He gives them His peace.
            1. The message of peace (Acts 10:36; Romans 10:15; Ephesians 2:17; Ephesians 6:15); see connection with Holy Ghost (John 14:26-27)
            2. The empowerment of peace (Romans 15:13, 33; Romans 16:20; Philippians 4:7, 9; Colossians 3:15; 2 Thessalonians 3:16)
          2. He gives them His commission (John 17:18).
            1. As the Father sent Him
            2. So sends He them
        2. Their power (John 20:22; Luke 24:49)
          1. He breathed on them (Job 33:4; Isaiah 42:5).
          2. “Receive ye the Holy Ghost.”
            1. Bible students disagree with one another over the exact meaning here. Some think Jesus is referring to the day of Pentecost. However, this does not adequately explain the passage.
            2. Evidently, the disciples received the firstfruits of the Spirit (Romans 8:23) before Pentecost. It is very likely those present were indwelt by the Spirit at this time.
            3. Jesus sent the Holy Ghost.
              1. When He was glorified (John 7:38-39)
              2. When He went away (John 16:7)
            4. Consider the early (before Pentecost) results of their reception of the Holy Ghost.
              1. They were filled with great joy (Luke 24:52); this comes from the Holy Ghost (Romans 14:17; 1 Thessalonians 1:6).
              2. They continually worshipped Jesus Christ (Luke 24:52-53); this is a work of the Spirit (John 4:24; Philippians 3:3).
              3. They joined together in unity (Acts 1:14 – “in one accord”); this is a work of the Spirit (Ephesians 4:3).
              4. They continued in prayer and supplication (Acts 1:14); this is a work of the Holy Ghost (Jude 1:20; Ephesians 6:18).
              5. They chose the replacement for Judas (Acts 1:23-26); the work of the Holy Spirit is to lead the children of God (Luke 4:1; Romans 8:14; Galatians 5:18).
            5. Conclusion: although they had not received the fullness of His power, they had already received the Holy Ghost and were enabled by Him to do His work.
        3. Their authority (John 20:23)
          1. Their special apostolic authority (Matthew 16:18-19)
            1. To determine which sins are remitted; that is, forgiven and not paid for immediately. To remit means to refrain from exacting or requiring payment for a debt.
            2. To determine which sins are retained; that is, held to the person’s account and paid for immediately.
          2. Two examples in the ministry of Peter
            1. The case of Ananias (Acts 5:1-5)
            2. The case of Simeon (Acts 8:17-24)
David Reagan

Daily Proverb

Proverbs 15:11

Hell and destruction are before the LORD: how much more then the hearts of the children of men?