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The Gospel of John VIII - Lesson 6

                          Agape versus Phileo Test

                          Prepared by Samuel Gipp

  • Read the Bible quote in English
  • Put an A for AGAPE or P for PHILEO in the blank before the quote to signify your choice of the Greek word used. Choose the words according to the definitions given below.
  • AGAPE love:  Deep, intimate, selfless love
  • PHILEO love: Casual, friendly love

How Jesus used AGAPE and PHILEO

____ Luke 11:42 the love of God
____ John 5:42 the love of God
____ Matthew 10:37 He that loveth father or mother more
____ Revelation 3:9 to know that I have loved thee
____ Revelation 3:19 As many as I love
____ Matthew 23:6 love the uppermost rooms
____ John 12:25 He that loveth his life shall lose it
____ Luke 11:43 ye love the uppermost seats
____ John 5:20 the Father loveth the Son
____ John 16:27 the Father himself loveth you, because ye have loved me

How other New Testament writers used AGAPE and PHILEO

____ 2 Timothy 3:4 lovers of God
____ John 11:5 Jesus loved Martha
____ John 20:2 other disciple whom Jesus loved
____ 1 Corinthians 16:22 If any man love not the Lord
____ Romans 5:8 But God commendeth his love
____ 1 Corinthians 16:24 My love be with you all
____ 2 Timothy 1:7 of power, and of love, and
____ Romans 12:10 one to another with brotherly love
____ 1 Thessalonians 3:12 abound in love one toward another
____ Titus 2:4 to be sober, to love their husbands
____ Ephesians 5:28 So ought men to love their wives
____ 1 Peter 2:17 Love the brotherhood
____ Hebrews 13:1 Let brotherly love continue
____ 1 John 2:5 verily is the love of God perfected
____ Titus 3:4 and love of God our Saviour

CONSIDER: Since there are only two choices, pure luck would give a correct percentage of 50%. If the distinction is strong in the Greek, you ought to be able to score at least 80% to 90% correct (that is, you should not miss more than four or five answers at the worst). See how well you do.

                       The Resurrection of Jesus Christ                                       John 20:1-31                                        (Continued)

  1. THE APPEARANCE OF CHRIST TO HIS DISCIPLES (John 20:19-31) (Continued)
    1. When Thomas was Present (John 20:24-29)
      1. The doubts of Thomas (John 20:24-25)
        1. His absence at the first appearing of Jesus to the disciples (John 20:24)
        2. His rejection of the spoken testimony of the disciples (John 20:25)
          1. A common phenomenon (Mark 16:9-14)
          2. An illustration of the need for signs (Mark 16:17-20)
        3. His demand for physical proof of the resurrection (John 20:25)
          1. To put his finger in the print of the nails
          2. To place his hand in the side of Christ
          3. Note: The demand of Thomas for physical proof is a blessing to those of us who do not have such proof. He did it for us.
      2. Special outline on the Apostle Thomas as the Skeptic
        1. Faithful in his service
          1. Called to be an apostle (Luke 6:12-16)
          2. Faithful in difficult times (John 6:66-68)
          3. Faithful to the end (Acts 1:13-14); tradition says that Thomas went west to Persia; perhaps as far as India. He is said to have died by being thrust through with a spear.
        2. Dominated by his mind
          1. Elevated logic above the spiritual (John 11:11-16); took things literally and came to logical conclusions
          2. Elevated understanding above faith (John 14:1-6); tried to figure things out and needed to ask questions
          3. Elevated seeing above believing (John 20:24-29); had to have proof and had to see for himself
        3. Genuine in his surrender
          1. He was ready to die for his Master (John 11:16).
          2. He desired to understand God’s word (John 14:5).
          3. He was ready to proclaim his faith (John 20:28); although he was slow in coming to a place of faith, he was thereafter bold in his expression of that faith.
      3. The appearance of Jesus (John 20:26)
        1. After eight days
        2. When Thomas was present
        3. The doors being shut
        4. Jesus stood in the midst of them.
      4. The invitation of Jesus (John 20:27; Zechariah 12:10; Zechariah 13:6)
        1. Get the proof you need.
        2. Be not faithless, but believing.
      5. The confession of Thomas (John 20:28)
        1. My Lord
        2. My God – a testimony to the deity of Jesus Christ
      6. The blessing of faith (John 20:29; Hebrews 11:1)
        1. Those who believe because they have seen
        2. Those who believe though they have not seen – these receive a special blessing from Jesus (1 Peter 1:7-8).
    2. The Purpose of this Book (John 20:30-31)
      1. Not to record all (John 20:30; John 21:25)
        1. Many other signs were done.
        2. Many signs were not written in this book.
      2. But to reveal Christ (John 20:31)
        1. That you might believe
          1. That Jesus is the Christ
          2. That Jesus is the Son of God
        2. That you might receive (John 1:12)
          1. Eternal life
          2. Through His name (1 John 5:13)

        The Commission of the Risen Saviour                             John 21:1-25

    1. The Failure of Man’s Program (John 21:1-5)
      1. The failure of human design (John 21:1-3; Genesis 6:5; Proverbs 14:12)
        1. Appearance of Jesus at the sea of Galilee (John 21:1)
        2. To seven of the disciples (John 21:2)
        3. Following the lead of Peter (John 21:3)
          1. He returns to fishing – “I go a fishing” probably meant that he had decided to return to his old career.
          2. These disciples go with him – someone follows you wherever you go.
      2. The failure of human effort (John 21:3; John 15:5; Zechariah 4:6)
        1. They entered a ship immediately.
        2. They caught nothing all night (compare Luke 5:5).
      3. The failure of human vision (John 21:4; Proverbs 29:18)
        1. The morning was come.
        2. Jesus stood on the shore.
        3. They knew not that it was Jesus (John 20:14; Luke 24:15-16).
      4. The failure of human provision (John 21:5; Psalm 49:7)
        1. Question: “have ye any meat?”
        2. Answer: “No”
    2. The Success of God’s Program (John 21:6-14)
      1. God’s design in His word (John 21:6; Psalm 119:105, 133)
        1. The instructions of the Lord
        2. The promise of the Lord – “ye shall find.”
        3. The obedience of the disciples
        4. The abundance of the blessing
        5. The end of their abilities – “not able to draw it”
      2. God’s opening of their eyes (John 21:7; 2 Kings 6:15-17; Hebrews 11:27)
        1. His recognition by the disciple closest to Him
          1. John – the disciple whom Jesus loved
          2. He said, It is the Lord.
        2. The response of Peter
          1. He heard the message.
          2. He covered his nakedness (Genesis 3:7-10).
          3. He cast himself into the sea.
      3. God’s blessing on their effort (John 21:8-9; Psalm 127:1)
        1. The other disciples (John 21:8)
          1. Came in a little ship
          2. Only 200 cubits from land
          3. Dragging the net of fish
        2. The ready meal (John 21:9)
          1. The fire of coals
          2. The fish on the coals
          3. The bread on the coals
          4. Problem: where did Jesus get all this? He shows that He is the source of all provision (Psalm 23:1; Romans 8:32; Philippians 4:19).
      4. God’s preserving of His fruit (John 21:10-11; John 15:16; 2 Timothy 1:12)
        1. Commanded to bring their catch (John 21:10)
        2. A total of 153 great fish (John 21:11); similar to the number of strangers – 153,600 – Solomon counted in the land of Israel (2 Chronicles 2:17). Perhaps Jesus is showing them that the greatest part of their catch of men will be among the strangers, or Gentiles.
        3. So many, yet the net was not broken (John 21:11); God’s callings are God’s enablings (1 Thessalonians 5:24).
      5. God’s provision for His own (John 21:12-14)
        1. Feasting (John 21:12-13; Psalm 23:5)
          1. Come and dine (John 21:12).
          2. They knew it was Jesus (John 21:12).
          3. Jesus ate with them (John 21:13; Luke 24:41-43).
        2. Fellowshipping (John 21:14; 1 John 1:3, 7)
          1. His third appearance to the disciples
          2. Further proof of His resurrection
    1. The Example of Peter (John 21:15-19)
      1. His love questioned (John 21:15-17)
        1. Peter’s threefold denial (Luke 22:54-62)
        2. Christ’s threefold rebuke (John 21:15-17)
          1. First request: “Lovest thou me more than these?” (John 21:15; Matthew 26:31-35). Christ is asking Peter if he still claims to love Him more than the other disciples love Him (1 Corinthians 10:12); He is looking for humility.
          2. Second request: “Lovest thou me?” (John 21:16). That is, do you love me for my own sake without any comparison with others?
          3. Third request: “Lovest thou me?” (John 21:17). That is, will you keep loving me? Will you love me as much as you denied me?
        3. Peter’s threefold assurance (John 21:15-17)
          1. “Yea, Lord; thou knowest that I love thee.” (John 21:15)
          2. “Yea, Lord; thou knowest that I love thee.” (John 21:16)
          3. “Lord, thou knowest all things; thou knowest that I love thee.” (John 21:17)
            1. Not according to Peter’s confidence
            2. But according to Christ’s knowledge – “thou knowest’
        4. Christ’s threefold commission (John 21:15-17)
          1. Feed my lambs (John 21:15; Isaiah 40:11); lambs are young sheep.
          2. Feed my sheep (John 21:16; 1 Peter 5:1-3).
          3. Feed my sheep (John 21:17; Acts 20:28-32); keep feeding them.
David Reagan

Daily Proverb

Proverbs 25:5

Take away the wicked from before the king, and his throne shall be established in righteousness.