The Fall of the House of Haman

Scripture Passage: 
Esther 7:1-10; Esther 8:1-17
Attached audio files: 

INTRODUCTION: Though it seemed at one time all hope was gone for the Jews, God brought deliverance in the end. When God delivered, it was not just a partial deliverance. He gave an absolute, miraculous deliverance from Haman and from the decree to destroy the Jews. We can learn much about the power and goodness of God from this lesson.

  1. ESTHER’S PETITION (Esther 7:1-6)
    1. The Second Banquet (Esther 7:1-2)
      1. With the king and Haman (Esther 7:1)
      2. With the king’s promise (Esther 7:2; compare Jeremiah 33:3; Matthew 7:7-11; Philippians 4:6; James 4:2)
        1. Her petition to be granted
        2. Her request to be performed to the half of the kingdom (Mark 6:23)
    2. Her Request for Deliverance (Esther 7:3-4)
      1. For her life (Esther 7:3)
        1. If she had found favour in the sight of the king
        2. If it pleased the king
      2. For the life of her people (Esther 7:3-4)
        1. They were sold.
        2. They were given to be destroyed.
      3. For the king’s benefit (Esther 7:4; Genesis 12:1-3)
        1. Slavery would have been a better option.
        2. For slavery, Esther would have held her tongue.
        3. But the king’s loss would still have been great. Note: countervail means to make up for; that is, Esther’s people were valuable to the king and no matter how much Haman (“the enemy”) might pay for their destruction (Esther 4:7), he could not recompense the king for their loss.
    3. Her Revelation of the Enemy (Esther 7:5-6)
      1. At the king’s request (Esther 7:5)
        1. Who was this man?
        2. Where was this man?
        3. Who would dare do this thing?
      2. Before the king’s face (Esther 7:6)
        1. He was the wicked Haman.
        2. Haman was afraid.
  2. HAMAN’S DEATH (Esther 7:7-10)
    1. The Anger of the King (Esther 7:7-8)
      1. The king’s walk in the garden (Esther 7:7a)
        1. He arose in his wrath.
        2. He went to the palace garden.
      2. Haman’s pleading with Esther (Esther 7:7b)
        1. He stood to make request for his life.
        2. He saw the evil determined against him (1 Samuel 25:17).
      3. The king’s accusation against Haman (Esther 7:8a; compare Esther 3:8; Psalm 7:14-16)
        1. The king returned from the garden.
        2. Haman was on Esther’s bed pleading for his life.
        3. The king accused Haman of attacking Esther. Note: just as Haman made false accusations against the Jews, so Haman in the end received a false accusation against him.
      4. The covering of Haman’s face (Esther 7:8b; Romans 3:19); one day the rejecters of God will not be permitted to speak for themselves any more.
    2. The Hanging of Haman (Esther 7:9-10)
      1. The discovery of Haman’s gallows (Esther 7:9)
      2. The death of the Jews’ enemy (Esther 7:10)
  3. MORDECAI’S PROMOTION (Esther 8:1-8; Psalm 75:6-7)
    1. The Gifts of the King (Esther 8:1-2)
      1. The house of Haman to Esther (Esther 8:1)
      2. The king’s ring to Mordecai (Esther 8:2; compare Esther 3:10)
        1. The king’s ring was taken from Haman.
        2. The king’s ring was given to Mordecai.
        3. Esther set Mordecai over the house of Haman.
    2. The Queen’s Second Petition (Esther 8:3-6)
      1. Her entrance to the king (Esther 8:3-4)
        1. She approached the throne yet again (Esther 8:3).
        2. The king held out the golden scepter (Esther 8:4).
      2. Her request for a reverse decree (Esther 8:5-6)
    3. The Commissioning of Mordecai (Esther 8:7-8)
      1. His blessings to Esther (Esther 8:7)
      2. His blessings on the Jews (Esther 8:8)
  4. THE KING’S DECREE (Esther 8:9-14)
    1. The Writing of the Decree (Esther 8:9-10)
      1. To every people (Esther 8:9; this is the longest verse in the Bible.)
        1. Written on the 23rd day of the 3rd month (Sivan)
        2. Written according to Mordecai’s commandment
        3. Sent to the 127 provinces of Persia
        4. Given to all according to their own language
      2. In the king’s name (Esther 8:10)
    2. The Content of the Decree (Esther 8:11-12)
      1. That the Jews protect themselves (Esther 8:11)
      2. On the thirteenth day of the twelfth month (Esther 8:12)
    3. The Publishing of the Decree (Esther 8:13-14)
      1. The making of the copies (Esther 8:13)
      2. The sending of the posts (Esther 8:14; compare Psalm 2:7; Psalm 60:4; Psalm 68:11)
  5. THE JEWS’ GLADNESS (Esther 8:15-17)
    1. The Clothing of Mordecai (Esther 8:15)
      1. Royal apparel of blue and white
      2. A great crown of gold
      3. A garment of fine linen and purple
      4. Among the rejoicing of the city of Shushan
    2. The Joy of the Jews (Esther 8:16-17)
      1. The happiness of the Jews (Esther 8:16)
      2. The feasting of the Jews (Esther 8:17)
      3. The outreach of the Jews (Esther 8:17)
        1. Many people became Jews.
        2. The fear of the Jews fell on them (Zechariah 8:20-23).

CONCLUSION: One of our great joys is to see God work out insurmountable problems in His own special way. This working of God to bring all things together for good in the lives of believers is called providence. We must thank God for His providential working.

David Reagan and Andrew Ray

Daily Proverb

Proverbs 28:13

He that covereth his sins shall not prosper: but whoso confesseth and forsaketh them shall have mercy.