The Reigns of Rehoboam and Jeroboam

Scripture Passage: 
1 Kings 14:1-31

INTRODUCTION: Jeroboam and Rehoboam continue to sin against the Lord and the Lord continues to bring serious judgment against them. The lesson ends with both men dead and their kingdoms in spiritual disarray.

  1. THE REIGN OF JEROBOAM (1 Kings 14:1-20)
    1. Jeroboam Sent His Wife to Ahijah (1 Kings 14:1-5).
      1. The sickness of Abijah, Jeroboam’s son (1 Kings 14:1)
      2. The mission to Ahijah the prophet of God (1 Kings 14:2-3)
        1. Jeroboam sent his wife (1 Kings 14:2).
          1. Instead of going himself
          2. In disguise to hide her identity
        2. Jeroboam sent her to Ahijah (1 Kings 14:2).
          1. To the city of Shiloh (Joshua 18:1; Judges 18:31; 1 Samuel 1:3)
          2. To the prophet who had prophesied his reign (1 Kings 11:29-39)
        3. Jeroboam sent her with gifts (1 Kings 14:3).
          1. Ten loaves – Jesse sent ten loaves with David to take to his brethren when they faced the Philistines (1 Samuel 17:17).
          2. Cracknels – only mention in scripture; refers to a light, crisp kind of biscuit, often in a curved or hollowed shape
          3. A cruse of honey
            1. What Jacob sent to Egypt with Benjamin (Genesis 43:11)
            2. What Barzillai sent to David when he fled from Absalom (2 Samuel 17:29)
        4. Jeroboam sent her to ask about their son (1 Kings 14:3).
      3. The obedience of Jeroboam’s wife (1 Kings 14:4)
        1. She went to the house of Ahijah.
        2. Ahijah could not see.
      4. The revelation of Ahijah (1 Kings 14:5)
        1. The wife of Jeroboam was coming.
        2. She will ask about her sick child.
        3. She will pretend to be another woman.
    2. Ahijah Prophesied Against Jeroboam (1 Kings 14:6-16).
      1. Ahijah identified Jeroboam’s wife (1 Kings 14:6).
        1. As she came in at the door
        2. Declaring the foolishness of her disguise
        3. Announcing the coming of heavy tidings
      2. Ahijah prophesied judgment on Jeroboam (1 Kings 14:7-11).
        1. Because of the blessings God gave him (1 Kings 14:7-8a)
          1. Exalted from among the people (1 Kings 14:7a)
          2. Made a prince over Israel (1 Kings 14:7b)
          3. Given a kingdom taken from the house of David (1 Kings 14:8a)
        2. Because of the evil Jeroboam has committed (1 Kings 14:8b-9)
          1. Has not been as God’s servant David (1 Kings 14:8b)
            1. Who kept God’s commandments
            2. Who followed the Lord with all his heart
            3. Who did that only which was right in God’s eyes
          2. Has done evil above all that were gone before him (1 Kings 14:9a)
          3. Has gone and made other gods (1 Kings 14:9b)
            1. Molten images
            2. Provoking God to anger
            3. Casting God behind his back (Nehemiah 9:26; Ezekiel 23:35)
        3. Evil shall come on the house of Jeroboam (1 Kings 14:10-11).
          1. To cut off the house of Jeroboam (1 Kings 14:10)
          2. To die in degrading ways (1 Kings 14:11)
      3. Ahijah prophesied the death of the child Abijah (1 Kings 14:12-13).
        1. The child to die when the mother returns (1 Kings 14:12)
        2. Israel shall mourn for him and bury him (1 Kings 14:13).
          1. He only of Jeroboam to come to the grave
          2. Some good toward the Lord found in him (Proverbs 20:11)
      4. Ahijah prophesied God’s judgment on Israel (1 Kings 14:14-16).
        1. A king will rise up to cut off the house of Jeroboam (1 Kings 14:14).
        2. The Lord will judge Israel because of her sins (1 Kings 14:15-16).
          1. To smite her as a reed is shaken in the water (1 Kings 14:15)
          2. To root them up out of this good land (1 Kings 14:15)
          3. To scatter them beyond the river (1 Kings 14:15)
            1. Because they made groves
            2. Because they have provoked the Lord to anger
          4. To give Israel up because of the sins of Jeroboam (1 Kings 14:16)
    3. Jeroboam Ended His Reign in Israel (1 Kings 14:17-20).
      1. Abijah, the child of Jeroboam, died (1 Kings 14:17-18).
        1. Jeroboam’s wife returned to the house in Tirzah (1 Kings 14:17).
        2. Abijah died when she came to the door’s threshold (1 Kings 14:17).
        3. The word of the Lord was completely fulfilled (1 Kings 14:18).
          1. As given by the prophet Ahijah
          2. In the death of the child
          3. In the burial of the child
          4. In the mourning of Israel for the child
      2. The death of Jeroboam (1 Kings 14:19-20)
        1. The chronicles of Jeroboam’s life (1 Kings 14:19)
        2. Nadab reigned in the stead of his father (1 Kings 14:20).
  2. THE REIGN OF REHOBOAM (1 Kings 14:21-31)
    1. Rehoboam Did Evil in the Sight of the Lord (1 Kings 14:21-24).
      1. The reign of king Rehoboam (1 Kings 14:21)
        1. He began to reign when he was 41 years old.
        2. He reigned over Judah for 17 years.
        3. He reigned in Jerusalem, the city chosen by God (Deuteronomy 12:5).
        4. His mother’s name was Naamah the Ammonitess.
      2. The evil of Judah in Rehoboam’s reign (1 Kings 14:22-24)
        1. They did evil in the sight of the Lord (1 Kings 14:22).
        2. They provoked the Lord to jealousy with their sins (1 Kings 14:22).
        3. They sinned above all that their fathers had done (1 Kings 14:22).
        4. They built them high places, images, and groves (1 Kings 14:23).
        5. They allowed sodomites to continue in the land (1 Kings 14:24).
        6. They did according to the abominations of the nations around them (1 Kings 14:24; Leviticus 18:26-29; Deuteronomy 18:9).
    2. Rehoboam Suffered Defeat at the Hand of Shishak (1 Kings 14:25-28).
      1. The attack of Shishak, the king of Egypt (1 Kings 14:25-26)
        1. In the fifth year of king Rehoboam (1 Kings 14:25)
        2. He removed the treasures of Jerusalem (1 Kings 14:26).
          1. The treasures of the house of the Lord
          2. The treasures of the king’s house
          3. The shields of gold which Solomon made
      2. The response of king Rehoboam (1 Kings 14:27-28)
        1. He replaced the gold shields with brass ones (1 Kings 14:27).
        2. He committed the shields to the chief of the guard (1 Kings 14:27).
        3. The shields were daily returned to the guard house (1 Kings 14:28).
    3. Rehoboam Ended His Reign in Judah (1 Kings 14:29-31).
      1. The rest of his acts in the book of Chronicles (1 Kings 14:29)
      2. The continual war between Rehoboam and Jeroboam (1 Kings 14:30)
      3. Rehoboam died and was buried with his fathers (1 Kings 14:31).
      4. Abijam, his son, reigned in his stead (1 Kings 14:31).

CONCLUSION: Sin has far reaching consequences. Though the kingdoms are divided, they are united in their rebellion against the Lord. Many people with grave differences unite in sinning against the Lord. Both kingdoms reach a spiritual dearth like never before.

David Reagan and Andrew Ray

Daily Proverb

Proverbs 21:1

The king's heart is in the hand of the LORD, as the rivers of water: he turneth it whithersoever he will.