The Doctrine of Christ - The Triumphal Entry

Scripture Passage: 
Matthew 21:1-22
  1. THE RETRIEVAL OF THE COLT (Matthew 21:1-7; Mark 11:1-7; Luke 19:28-35)
    1. The Location of the Lord
      1. He had passed through Jericho (Luke 19:1).
      2. He was heading to Jerusalem (Luke 19:28).
      3. He arrived at the mount of Olives (Matthew 21:1; Mark 11:1; Luke 19:29).
      4. Note: This place is associated with the second coming (Zechariah 14:4). It is quite possible that this path is also associated with the second coming (Isaiah 63:1).
    2. The Mission Given by the Lord
      1. The recipients of the mission – “two disciples” (Matthew 21:1; Mark 11:1; Luke 19:29)
      2. The place of the mission – “the village over against you” (Matthew 21:2; Mark 11:2; Luke 19:30)
      3. The details of the mission
        1. As soon as they entered into the village (Matthew 21:2; Mark 11:2; Luke 19:30)
        2. They would find an ass and her colt (Matthew 21:2; Mark 11:2; Luke 19:30)
          1. They would both be tied off.
          2. The colt will have never been ridden (Mark 11:2; Luke 19:30)
            1. The Lord entered through a virgin womb.
            2. The Lord rode in on an animal that had never been sat upon.
            3. The Lord left through a virgin tomb (Luke 23:53).
        3. They should loose them and bring them to the Lord (Matthew 21:2; Mark 11:2; Luke 19:30).
        4. If any man questions their actions they are to answer that “the Lord hath need of them” (Matthew 21:3). Note: When speaking specifically of the colt, the Lord said that they should answer that “the Lord hath need of him” (Mark 11:3; Luke 19:31).
      4. The purpose of this mission – In the fulfillment of prophecy (Matthew 21:4)
      5. The prophecy of this mission (See the table at the end of this outline.)
    3. The Obedience of the Disciples  (Matthew 21:6-7; Mark 11:4-7; Luke 19:32-35)
      1. They went on their way (Mark 11:4; Luke 19:32).
      2. They found the colt (and the ass – see Matthew 21:7) tied by a door (Mark 11:4).
      3. The colt and the ass were found in a place where two ways met (Mark 11:4).
      4. The disciples loosed the colt and the ass (Mark 11:4; see Matthew 28:7).
      5. The owners asked about the action (Mark 11:5; Luke 19:33).
      6. The disciples responded as commanded (Mark 11:6; Luke 19:34).
      7. The disciples brought the animals to the Lord (Matthew 21:7; Mark 11:7; Luke 19:35).
      8. They put their clothes upon both animals (Matthew 21:7).
      9. The Lord Jesus sat upon either the colt only or rode in somehow upon both (Matthew 21:7; Mark 11:7; Luke 19:35). Note: Most likely the Lord rode upon the colt, but the mother was also involved in the procession (John 12:14).
  2. THE RIDE INTO JERUSALEM (Matthew 21:8-11; Mark 11:8-10; Luke 19:36-44)
    1. The Presentation of Christ (see Daniel 9:24-27)
      1. The Lord Jesus Christ is prepared to present Himself to the multitudes as a king (Zechariah 9:9; Matthew 21:5; John 12:15).
      2. Before this point, the Lord Jesus has been withdrawn (Matthew 12:14-21).
        1. The Lord charged a man to keep silence on his healing (Matthew 8:4).
        2. The Lord had charged His disciples to tell no man that He was Jesus the Christ (Matthew 16:20).
        3. The Lord Jesus charged the three disciples to keep silence concerning the mount of transfiguration (Matthew 17:9).
        4. The Lord Jesus charged that it should not be told when He healed Jairus’ daughter (Mark 5:43).
        5. The Lord Jesus departed when He knew the people would take Him by force and make Him king (John 6:15).
        6. The Lord Jesus refused to shew Himself to the world at the request of His brethren (John 7:4-6).
      3. Something changed in this event
        1. The Lord is now ready to present Himself. So much so, that the Lord said if the people were now silent, the stones would cry out (Luke 19:39-40).
        2. Something else changed round about this time.
          1. The hour was not yet come (John 2:4; John 7:30; John 8:20)
          2. The hour was now come (John 12:23, 27; John 13:1; John 16:32; John 17:1)
    2. The Reception of the Lord (Matthew 21:8-9; Mark 11:8-10; Luke 19:36-38; John 12:12-19)
      1. The audience identified
        1. A very great multitude (Matthew 21:8; see John 12:19)
        2. They were disciples of the Lord (Luke 19:37, 39)
        3. They were people who had witnessed or heard about the raising of Lazarus (John 12:17-18).
        4. Some Pharisees were mixed in with the audience (Luke 19:39).
        5. Note: Apparently, as a whole, the truth was hidden from the eyes of the nation (Luke 19:41-42)
      2. The place of the reception
        1. The disciples met the Lord at the descent of the Mt. of Olives (Luke 19:37).
        2. They went ahead of and behind the Lord into Jerusalem (Matthew 21:9; Mark 11:9).
      3. The spreading of garments (Matthew 21:8; Mark 11:8; Luke 19:36)
        1. Jonathan stripped himself of his garments and gave them to David to signify Jonathan’s covenant with and love for David (1 Samuel 18:4).
        2. Garments were given to Solomon as gifts (1 Kings 10:25).
      4. The strawing of branches (Matthew 21:8; Mark 11:8; John 12:13)
        1. They cut down branches from the trees.
        2. They were palm trees (John 12:13; see Revelation 7:9-10).
        3. They strawed the branches in the way.
      5. The cries of the multitudes (Matthew 21:9; Mark 11:9-10; Luke 19:37-38; John 12:13; see Psalm 118:19-29)
        1. According to Matthew (Matthew 21:9)
          1. Hosanna to the Son of David:
          2. Blessed is he that cometh in the name of the Lord;
          3. Hosanna in the highest
        2. According to Mark (Mark 11:9-10)
          1. Hosanna; (Mark 11:9)
          2. Blessed is he that cometh in the name of the Lord: (Mark 11:9)
          3. Blessed be the kingdom of our father David, that cometh in the name of the Lord: (Mark 11:10)
          4. Hosanna in the highest (Mark 11:10)
        3. According to Luke (Luke 19:38; compare with Luke 2:14)
          1. Blessed be the King that cometh in the name of the Lord:
          2. Peace in heaven,
          3. And glory in the highest
        4. According to John (John 12:13) - Blessed is the King of Israel that cometh in the name of the Lord.
    3. The Concern of the Pharisees (Luke 19:39-40)
      1. Some Pharisees were in the multitude gathered (Luke 19:39).
      2. They called upon the Lord to rebuke His disciples (Luke 19:39).
      3. The Lord responded (Luke 19:40)
        1. If these should hold their peace
        2. The stones would immediately cry out
    4. The Lord’s Concern for Jerusalem (Luke 19:41-44)
      1. The Lord approached near unto the city (Luke 19:41).
      2. The Lord wept over the city (Luke 19:41).
      3. The Lord addresses the city (Luke 19:42-44)
        1. The ignorance of Jerusalem (Luke 19:42)
          1. If thou hadst known
          2. The things which belong unto thy peace
          3. Now they are hid from thine eyes
        2. The coming judgment (Luke 19:43-44)
          1. The days shall come (Luke 19:43)
          2. Thine enemies shall (Luke 19:43-44)
            1. Cast a trench about thee (Luke 19:43)
            2. Compass thee round (Luke 19:43)
            3. Keep thee in on every side (Luke 19:43)
            4. Lay thee even with the ground (Luke 19:44)
            5. Not leave one stone upon another (Luke 19:44)
        3. The reason for the judgment – “because thou knewest not the time of thy visitation” (Luke 19:44)
    5. The Curiosity of the People (Matthew 21:10-11)
      1. The arrival of the Lord in Jerusalem (Matthew 21:10).
      2. The effect upon the city (Matthew 21:10-11)
        1. All the city was moved (Matthew 21:10)
        2. The city questioned “Who is this?” (Matthew 21:10)
        3. The multitude, likely the disciples, answered that it was “Jesus the prophet of Nazareth of Galilee” (Matthew 21:11).
  3. THE VISITS TO THE TEMPLE AND THE FIG TREE (Matthew 21:12-22; Mark 11:11-26; Luke 19:45-48)
    1. The Initial Visit to the Temple (Mark 11:11)
      1. Jesus entered into the temple.
      2. He “looked round about upon all things.”
      3. At eventide, he went out unto Bethany with the twelve disciples.
    2. The Cursing of the Fig Tree (Mark 11:12-14)
      1. The day of the cursing – “on the morrow” (Mark 11:12)
      2. The reason for the cursing (Mark 11:12-13)
        1. The hunger of the Saviour (Mark 11:12-13)
          1. The Lord was hungry (Mark 11:12).
          2. He saw a fig tree with leaves afar off (Mark 11:13).
          3. He drew near hoping to find something thereon (Mark 11:13).
        2. The disappointment of the Saviour (Mark 11:13)
          1. He found nothing but leaves.
          2. The time of figs was not yet.
      3. The content of the cursing (Mark 11:14)
        1. No man eat fruit of thee
        2. Hereafter for ever
      4. The audience of the cursing – “his disciples heard it” (Mark 11:14)
    3. The Cleansing of the Temple (Matthew 21:12-17; Mark 11:15-19; Luke 19:45-48)
      1. Jesus returned to the temple (Matthew 21:12; Mark 11:15; Luke 19:45).
      2. Jesus cleansed the temple (Matthew 21:12; Mark 11:15-16; Luke 19:45).
        1. He cast out all that bought and sold in the temple (Matthew 21:12; Mark 11:15; Luke 19:45).
        2. He overthrew the tables of the moneychangers (Matthew 21:12; Mark 11:15).
        3. He overthrew the seats of them that sold doves (Matthew 21:12; Mark 11:15).
        4. He would not suffer any man to carry a vessel through the temple (Mark 11:16).
      3. Jesus taught in the temple (Matthew 21:13; Mark 11:17-18; Luke 19:46-48)
        1. He taught on the purpose of the temple
          1. Based upon the authority of scripture (Matthew 21:13; Mark 11:17; Luke 19:46)
          2. His house should be called a house of prayer (Matthew 21:13; Mark 11:17; Luke 19:46; see Isaiah 56:7)
            1. Note: This is the second time the Lord cleansed the temple (John 2:14-16).
            2. The first time the Lord called the temple “My Father’s house” (John 2:16)
          3. The people had made the temple a den of thieves (Matthew 21:13; Mark 11:17; Luke 19:46)
        2. He offended the religious leaders (Mark 11:18; Luke 19:47-48)
      4. Jesus healed the blind and the lame (Matthew 21:14)
      5. Jesus was rebuked of the religious leaders (Matthew 21:15-16)
        1. The actions of the religious leaders (Matthew 21:15-16)
          1. They saw the wonderful things the Lord did (Matthew 21:15).
          2. They saw the children praising the Lord (Matthew 21:15).
          3. They were sore displeased (Matthew 21:15).
          4. They questioned the Lord concerning the statements of praise (Matthew 21:16).
        2. The Lord’s response (Matthew 21:16)
          1. He questions their devotion to the scriptures.
          2. He reminds them of a verse (see Matthew 11:25).
            1. “Out of the mouths of babes and sucklings thou hast perfected praise” (Matthew 21:16).
            2. “Out of the mouth of babes and sucklings hast thou ordained strength” (Psalm 8:2)
      6. The departure to Bethany (Matthew 21:17; Mark 11:19)
    4. The Cursed Fig Tree (Matthew 21:18-22; Mark 11:20-26)
      1. The time of the viewing – in the morning (Matthew 21:18; Mark 11:20)
      2. Matthew tells of the previous day’s events (Matthew 21:19).
      3. The condition of the fig tree
        1. Withered away (Matthew 21:20; Mark 11:21)
        2. Dried up from the roots (Mark 11:20)
      4. The surprise of the disciples (Matthew 21:20; Mark 11:21)
      5. The Lord’s teaching on faith and prayer (Matthew 21:21-22; Mark 11:22-26)
AS FOUND IN ZECHARIAH 9:9 AS FOUND IN MATTHEW 21:5 AS FOUND IN JOHN 21:15
Rejoice greatly, O daughter of Zion; shout, O daughter of Jerusalem: Tell ye the daughter of Sion, Fear not, daughter of Sion:
behold, thy King cometh unto thee: Behold, thy King cometh unto thee, behold, thy King cometh,
he is just, and having salvation; lowly, meek,
and riding upon an ass, and upon a colt the foal of an ass. and sitting upon an ass, and a colt the foal of an ass. sitting on an ass's colt.
Andrew Ray

Daily Proverb

Proverbs 10:23

It is as sport to a fool to do mischief: but a man of understanding hath wisdom.