The Book of Numbers 0001 - Lesson 2

Scripture Passage: 
Numbers 1:1-54

Introduction (Continued)

  1. BREAKDOWN OF BOOK (Continued)
    1. Theme
      1. Genesis gives the story of the creation and fall of man.  Genesis ends with a dead man in a coffin in Egypt.  Typical of us being dead in trespasses and sins.
      2. Exodus is the story of the redemption of God’s people due to their faith in the shed blood of a Passover lamb.  Typical of our redemption through the shed blood of Jesus Christ our Passover lamb.
      3. Leviticus is a book of instruction.  We find out much about the sacrifices required by God to maintain a right relationship with Him.
      4. Numbers is a book that deals with the walk of the Israelites in the wilderness.  We learn that we are dealing with things on “this side Jordan”.  It is a book that deals with our walk with God and His providential care for us.
    2. Divisions
      1. The preparation of God (Numbers 1-Numbers 10)
      2. The failure and faithlessness of man  (Numbers 11- Numbers 14)
      3. The judgment of God (Numbers 14-20)
      4. The faithfulness of God (Numbers 21-36)
  2. SETTING
    1. Time
      1. Numbers
        1. Beginning – 1st day, 2nd month, 2nd year after they were come out of Egypt
        2. Ending – between
          1. 1st day, 5th month, 40th year (Numbers 33:38)
          2. 1st day, 11th month, 40th year (Deuteronomy 1:3)
      2. Comparatively
        1. Exodus ends with the 1st day, 1st month and 2nd year (Exodus 40:17)
        2. Leviticus is apparently squeezed in between the two.
    2. Place
      1. The Book of Numbers begins and ends in the wilderness.  It is a story of failure on man’s part to believe God and follow His commands.
      2. Begins – “in the wilderness of Sinai (Numbers 1:1)
      3. Ends – “in the plains of Moab by Jordan near Jericho” (Numbers 36:13)
  3. NEW TESTAMENT ADMONITION
    1. Stephen’s last message to Israel (Acts 7:34-44)
    2. We are not to be ignorant of the wilderness wandering (1 Corinthians 10:1-5).
    3. These things were written for our admonition (1 Corinthians 10:6-12).
    4. The dangers of unbelief (Hebrews 3:15-19)
    5. We are to be in remembrance of God’s wrath on unbelief (Jude 1:5).

Chapter 1

All That Were Able to Go Forth to War

  1. GOD'S OPENING REMARKS (Numbers 1:1-19)
    1. The Time and Place (Numbers 1:1)
      1. In the wilderness of Sinai
      2. The 1st day of the 2nd month in the 2nd year after they were come out of Egypt
    2. The Command (Numbers 1:2-4)
      1. Take ye the sum.
        1. Of all the congregation
        2. After their families
        3. By the house of their fathers
        4. With the number of their names
        5. Every male by their polls
        6. From 20 years old and upward
        7. All that are able to go forth to war (Note:  the phrases “all that are able to go forth to war” and “all that were able to go forth to war” are found 14 times in the 1st chapter.)
          1. The call to prepare for war (Numbers 1:2-4)
            1. Number the soldiers.
            2. Preparation occurs before war
              1. They had not seen war.
              2. War doesn’t show up for quite sometime.
        8. The qualifications for the soldier
          1. Maturity – 20 years old and upward (Numbers 1:2-3)
          2. No unfinished business with God (Deuteronomy 20:5)
          3. A mind focused on the battle (Deuteronomy 20:6-7; 2 Timothy 2:4)
          4. Faith in God and courage for the battle (Deuteronomy 20:8)
        9. The call to war (Deuteronomy 20:10-16)
          1. Declare war on the enemy (Deuteronomy 20:11-12).
          2. Put the sword to use (Deuteronomy 20:13).
          3. Destroy every part of its influence (Deuteronomy 20:16).
      2. With you there shall be a man of every tribe.
    3. The Heads of the Tribes (Numbers 1:5-19)  Note:  The very meaning of the names of these heads should have driven them to faithfulness to God.
      1. The tribe of Reuben = Elizur son of Shedeur (Numbers 1:5) - Elizur means “God is a rock”.
      2. The tribe of Simeon = Shelumiel son of Zurishaddai (Numbers 1:6) - Shelumiel means “God is peace”.
      3. The tribe of Judah = Nahshon son of Amminadab (Numbers 1:7)
      4. The tribe of Issachar = Nethaneel son of Zuar (Numbers 1:8) - Nethaneel means “God gives”.
      5. The tribe of Zebulun = Eliab son of Helon (Numbers 1:9) - Eliab means “God is father”.
      6. The children of Joseph (Numbers 1:10)
        1. The tribe of Ephraim = Elishama son of Ammihud -   Elishama means “God is hearer”.
        2. The tribe of Manasseh = Gamaliel son of Pedahzur - Gamaliel means “reward of God”.
      7. The tribe of Benjamin = Abidan son of Gideoni (Numbers 1:11)
      8. The tribe of Dan = Ahiezer son of Ammishaddai (Numbers 1:12)
      9. The tribe of Asher = Pagiel son of Ocran (Numbers 1:13) - Pagiel means “God’s intervention”.
      10. The tribe of Gad = Eliasaph son of Deuel (Numbers 1:14) - Eliasaph means “God is gatherer”.
      11. The tribe of Naphtali = Ahira son of Enan (Numbers 1:15)
      12. Other statements concerning the heads Numbers 1:17)
        1. Renowned of the congregation
        2. Princes of the tribes of their fathers
        3. Heads of thousands in Israel
      13. Order of authority
        1. Moses and Aaron
        2. The twelve princes
  2. THE NUMBERING OF THE PEOPLE (Numbers 1:20-46)
    1. The Tribe of Reuben = 46,500 (Numbers 1:20-21)
    2. The Tribe of Simeon = 59,300 (Numbers 1:22-23)
    3. The Tribe of Gad = 45,650 (Numbers 1:24-25)
    4. The Tribe of Judah = 74,600 (Numbers 1:26-27)
    5. The Tribe of Issachar = 54,400 (Numbers 1:28-29)
    6. The Tribe of Zebulun = 57,400 (Numbers 1:30-31)
    7. The Tribe of Ephraim = 40,500 (Numbers 1:32-33)
    8. The Tribe of Manasseh = 32,200 (Numbers 1:34-35)
    9. The Tribe of Benjamin = 35,400 (Numbers 1:36-37)
    10. The Tribe of Dan = 62,700 (Numbers 1:38-39)
    11. The Tribe of Asher = 41,500 (Numbers 1:40-41)
    12. The Tribe of Naphtali = 53,400 (Numbers 1:42-43)
    13. Total Number Able To Go Forth To War = 603,550 (Numbers 1:45-46)
  3. THE EXCLUSION OF THE LEVITES (Numbers 1:47-54)
    1. Levites not Numbered (Numbers 1:47-49)
    2. The Responsibilities of the Levites (Numbers 1:50-51)
      1. They are appointed to be over the tabernacle of testimony.
        1. All the vessels that belong to it
        2. All things that belong to it
      2. They are to bear the tabernacle and all the vessels.
      3. They are to minister to the tabernacle.
      4. They are to encamp round about the tabernacle.
      5. They are to take down the tabernacle when the camp setteth forward.
      6. They are to pitch the tabernacle when it is to be set up.
    3. The Protection of the Levites (Numbers 1:52-54)
      1. The stranger that cometh nigh shall be put to death (Numbers 1:51).
      2. The Levites camp round about the tabernacle "that there be no wrath upon the congregation” (Numbers 1:53; Numbers 18:5).
Andrew Ray

Daily Proverb

Proverbs 6:22

When thou goest, it shall lead thee; when thou sleepest, it shall keep thee; and when thou awakest, it shall talk with thee.