The Book of Numbers 0004 - Lesson 3

Scripture Passage: 
Numbers 20:12-29

Chapter 20 (Continued)

Water from the Rock (Continued)

  1. WATER FOR THE CONGREGATION (Numbers 20:2-13) (Continued)
    1. The Lord’s Disgust with His People (Numbers 20:12-13)
      1. Moses and Aaron (Numbers 20:12)
        1. Disobedience (Numbers 20:11)
        2. Unbelief (Numbers 20:12)
        3. Rebellion (Numbers 27:14)
        4. The sin of the tongue (Psalm 106:32-33)
        5. They will not lead the people into the land of promise (Numbers 20:12).
        6. Note:  Moses was angry with the Israelites for their rebellion against God, as seen in his question, “ye rebels; must we fetch you water out of this rock?”  The very sin that he was angry over is the one that he committed here and is the sin which kept him from going into the land of promise.
      2. The congregation (Numbers 20:13)
        1. The water of Meribah meaning strife
        2. The children of Israel strove with the Lord.
  2. THE CONFRONTATION WITH EDOM (Numbers 20:14-21)
    1. Israel Requests Passage by the King’s Highway (Numbers 20:14-17)
      1. Moses sends messengers to the king of Edom (Numbers 20:14).
      2. Edom the brother of Israel (Numbers 20:14)
        1. The Edomites are descendants of Esau (Genesis 25:30; Genesis 36:1, 9).
        2. The Israelites are descendants of Jacob (Genesis 32:28).
        3. Jacob and Esau were brothers.
      3. The plea for pity (Numbers 20:14-16)
        1. Our past bondage
          1. You know all of the travail that has befallen us.
          2. Our fathers went down into Egypt.
          3. We have been there a long time.
          4. They vexed us and our fathers.
          5. We cried unto the Lord.
          6. He heard us and delivered us.
        2. Our present position
          1. Now we are in Kadesh.
          2. A city in the uttermost of thy border
    2. Edom’s Refusal of Israel’s Request (Numbers 20:18; Genesis 25:21-26)
      1. Thou shalt not pass by me.
      2. Lest I come out against thee with the sword
    3. Israel’s Second Request for Passage (Numbers 20:19; Deuteronomy 2:4-6)
      1. We will go by the highway.
      2. If we take any water we will repay it.
    4. Edom’s Hostile Refusal of Israel’s Request (Numbers 20:20-21)
      1. Thou shalt not go through.
      2. Edom came out against them with much people.
      3. Israel turned away from him.
  3. THE DEATH OF AARON (Numbers 20:22-29)
    1. The Congregation Comes to Mount Hor (Numbers 20:22)
      1. The whole congregation journeys.
      2. From Kadesh to Mount Hor
      3. Mount Hor is by the coast of the land of Edom (Numbers 20:23).
    2. Aaron’s Priestly Garments Are Put on Eleazar (Numbers 20:23-28).
      1. Pronouncement of Aaron’s death (Numbers 20:23-24)
        1. Aaron shall be gathered unto his people.
          1. Aaron was not going to be buried with his parents, sister or brother.
          2. What does it mean that he was going to be gathered unto his people?
          3. Consider those who were to be gathered unto their people or the fathers.
            1. Abraham (Genesis 25:8)
            2. Ishmael (Genesis 25:17)
            3. Isaac (Genesis 35:29)
            4. Jacob (Genesis 49:33) – not buried until Genesis 50:13
            5. Aaron (Numbers 20:24)
            6. Moses (Deuteronomy 32:50)
            7. The people who served the Lord the days of Joshua (Judges 2:10)
            8. Josiah (2 Kings 22:20)
          4. Consider the ending of the gathering unto the people (Genesis 49:10).
        2. He shall not enter the land.
        3. He was alongside of Moses.
      2. The passing of the garments (Numbers 20:25-28)
        1. Eleazar to take over the work
        2. Strip Aaron of his garments.
        3. Put them upon Eleazar.
    3. Aaron Dies and the People Mourn (Numbers 20:29).
      1. The congregation sees that Aaron is dead.
      2. Aaron died at the age of 123 (Numbers 33:39).
      3. They mourn for him thirty days.
      4. Mourning for the dead
        1. Thirty days – the amount of time that they wept for Moses (Deuteronomy 34:8) and Aaron (Numbers 20:29)
        2. Seven days – the general time of mourning for the Jews (Genesis 50:8-10; 1 Samuel 31:11-13)
        3. Seventy days – possibly the amount of time the Egyptians mourned (Genesis 50:2-5)
    4. Aaron’s Death Compared to the Death of the Lord Jesus.
      1. The announcement of his death
        1. Aaron (Numbers 20:23, 25-26)
        2. Jesus Christ (Mark 8:31)
      2. Their own awareness of their death
        1. Aaron (Numbers 20:23-24)
        2. Jesus Christ (Luke 9:30-31)
      3. The audience on the way to death
        1. Aaron (Numbers 20:27)
        2. Jesus Christ (Luke 23:27)
      4. The humility of their death
        1. Aaron (Numbers 20:26, 28)
        2. Jesus Christ (Matthew 27:35)
      5. The obedience to death
        1. Aaron – We do not read at all of Aaron fighting the will of God concerning his death.
        2. Jesus Christ (Isaiah 53:7; John 10:17)
      6. The number by their side at death
        1. Aaron (2 men)
          1. Moses
          2. Eleazar
        2. Jesus Christ (John 19:18)
    5. Burial in the Scriptures
      1. Notable people in scripture who are said to have been buried
        1. Sarah (Genesis 23:19)
        2. Abraham (Genesis 25:9)
        3. Rachel (Genesis 35:19)
        4. Isaac (Genesis 35:29)
        5. Rebekah (Genesis 49:31)
        6. Leah (Genesis 49:31)
        7. Miriam (Numbers 20:1)
        8. Aaron (Deuteronomy 10:6)
        9. Moses (Deuteronomy 34:6)
        10. Joshua (Joshua 24:30)
        11. Joseph (Joshua 24:32)
        12. Gideon (Judges 8:32)
        13. Samuel (1 Samuel 25:1)
        14. David (1 Kings 2:10)
        15. Solomon (1 Kings 11:43)
        16. Elisha (2 Kings 13:20)
        17. John the Baptist (Matthew 14:12)
        18. Jesus Christ (1 Corinthians 15:1-2)
      2. The absence of burial
        1. As dung upon the earth (Jeremiah 8:2; Jeremiah 16:4)
        2. The death of an animal (Jeremiah 22:18-19)
      3. The method of God’s people in the burial
        1. “The Egyptians sometimes used coffins (see Genesis 50:26 Joseph’s coffin), but the Israelites, who brought many other customs out of Egypt with them, did not adopt this particular one.”  The New Manners and Customs of the Bible by James M. Freeman
        2. The Israelites as seen in several passages appear to have wrapped their dead with linen clothes and laid them in tombs.
          1. Elisha’s bones were accessible in his sepulcher (2 Kings 13:21).
          2. The Jews had grave clothes and were often placed in a grave with a stone.
            1. Lazarus (John 11:17, 38-44)
            2. Jesus (John 19:40; John 20:1)
Andrew Ray

Daily Proverb

Proverbs 21:23

Whoso keepeth his mouth and his tongue keepeth his soul from troubles.