The Two Babylons

Scripture Passage: 
Revelation 17-18
Attached audio files: 
  1. THE IDENTITY OF THIS BABYLON
    1. The Questions
      1. Are the Babylon’s of Revelation 17 and 18 the same Babylon?
      2. What is the connection of this Babylon to the historical Babylon?
    2. The Similarities
      1. They are both called Babylon the Great (Revelation 17:5; Revelation 18:2)
      2. The have both committed [spiritual] fornication with the kings of the earth (Revelation 17:2; Revelation 18:3)
      3. They both have a full cup (Revelation 17:4; Revelation 18:6)
      4. They are both burned with fire (Revelation 17:16; Revelation 18:8)
      5. They are both destroyed because of the judgment of God (Revelation 17:17; Revelation 18:8)
      6. They are both called “that great city” (Revelation 17:18; Revelation 18:10, 16, 19, 21)
      7. They are both responsible for the blood of the saints (Revelation 17:6; Revelation 18:24)
    3. The Contrasts
      1. Their destruction is announced by two different angels (Revelation 17:1; Revelation 18:1)
      2. The revelation of the second angel is given at a later time then the revelation of the first angel – “after these things” (Revelation 18:1)
      3. The first Babylon is a religious center (Revelation 17:4-5) while the second Babylon is an economic power (Revelation 18:3, 11, 15-19)
      4. The first Babylon is destroyed by the ten kings (horns) who follow the beast (Revelation 17:16) while the second Babylon seems to be destroyed by God Himself (Revelation 18:8)
      5. The ten kings destroy the first Babylon (Revelation 17:12, 16) but the kings of the earth lament the destruction of the second Babylon (Revelation 18:9)
    4. The Conclusion
      1. The two Babylon’s are definitely connected with the first Babylon being the religious power and the second Babylon being the economic power. They are certainly both part of the same one-world government.
      2. However, their differences are enough to indicate different physical locations.
        1. The first Babylon definitely points to Rome (Revelation 17:9, Revelation 18)
        2. The second Babylon is probably located at the historical site of Babylon
      3. The second Babylon probably fits many of the prophecies of the Old Testament
        1. Never to be inhabited after its destruction (Isaiah 13:19-22; Jeremiah 50:13, 39-40; Revelation 18:21-23); NOTE: people have returned to inhabit Babylon after all historical destructions of the city (1 Peter 5:13) and there are people living on the site even today.
        2. Its destruction seems to lead to the whole earth being at rest (Isaiah 14:4-7); this also fits the preceding events of Revelation.
        3. Even the phrase “Babylon is fallen, is fallen” is first found in Isaiah 21:9.
        4. Babylon is God’s cup whereby He makes the nations drunk (Jeremiah 51:7)
      4. Either way, whether united in one location or found in two separate locations, the two Babylon’s are two aspects of the same one-world government.
  2. THE DESTRUCTION OF BABYLON (Revelation 18:1-8)
    1. Another Angel From Heaven (Revelation 18:1-3)
      1. The appearance of the angel (Revelation 18:1)
        1. Appeared “after these things” – occurs after the events of chapter 17
        2. Called “another angel” – not the angel that gave the message of chapter 17
        3. Came down from heaven – meaning this is a heavenly message
        4. Having great power
          1. In the Bible, God is usually the one who has great power (Exodus 32:11; Psalm 147:5; Jeremiah 32:17; Mark 13:26; Revelation 11:17)
          2. That does not mean that the angel is God, but only that He speaks with the authority of God
        5. The earth was lightened with his glory – this also indicates the presence of God in this angel (Ezekiel 43:2; Luke 17:24; 2 Thessalonians 2:8; Revelation 21:23)
      2. The fall of Babylon (Revelation 18:2)
        1. Cried mightily with a strong voice
          1. It seems that the angels are always crying out with a loud voice (Revelation 5:2; Revelation 10:3; Revelation 14:15)
          2. The Lord is also know to speak with loud voice (Revelation 1:15Jeremiah 25:30; Joel 3:16)
          3. Isaiah was told, “Cry aloud, spare not, lift up thy voice like a trumpet (Isaiah 58:1)
        2. Told of the destruction of Babylon
          1. Babylon the great is fallen, is fallen
            1. Called Babylon the great (Revelation 17:5)
            2. Phrase “is fallen” used two times (Isaiah 21:9; Revelation 14:8)
              1. This connects this Babylon with the one in Isaiah 21:9
              2. This emphasizes the suddenness and the violence of the fall
          2. Babylon has become:
            1. The habitation of devils (Mark 5:2-3; Isaiah 65:4)
              1. There are places that are given to the abode of evils spirits
              2. Believers should have nothing to do with these places (Ephesians 5:11-12) except on occasion to rescue someone from there (Ephesians 6:12)
            2. The hold of every foul spirit (Mark 9:25)
              1. A hold can be either a prison or a fortified place as in a stronghold
              2. God helps the believer to the pulling down of strong holds (2 Corinthians 10:4)
            3. A cage of every unclean and hateful bird (Isaiah 34:11-15; Jeremiah 50:39)
              1. The Bible uses birds as a picture of devils (Luke 8:5, 12)
              2. “hateful bird” – strange description of a bird (compare Titus 3:3)
      3. The influence of Babylon (Revelation 18:3)
        1. The nations
          1. Have drunk the wine of the wrath of her fornication
          2. That is, they have participated with her in her sins and have also participated in her judgment
        2. The kings have committed fornication with her
        3. The merchants
          1. Have made rich through her abundance
          2. Have enjoyed her delicacies – only specific mention of this word (but see Luke 7:25)
    2. Another Voice From Heaven (Revelation 18:4-8)
      1. A warning to the people of God (Revelation 18:4)
        1. Come out of her (Jeremiah 51:6, 45)
          1. The warning given to Lot (Genesis 19:12-13)
          2. The warning given to the congregation at the time of Korah (Numbers 16:26-27)
          3. The warning given to the Jews in the tribulation (Matthew 24:15-22)
          4. The warning given to believers today (Romans 12:1-2; 2 Corinthians 6:14-18; 2 Corinthians 7:1; 1 Thessalonians 4:7; Titus 2:11-12; James 4:4; 1 Peter 2:11; 1 John 2:15-16)
        2. Lest you be partaker of her sins (Proverbs 13:20; 1 Timothy 5:22; Ephesians 5:6-11)
        3. Lest you be partaker of her plagues
          1. Proverbs 6:28  - Can one go upon hot coals, and his feet not be burned?
          2. We reap what we sow in the flesh (Galatians 6:7-8)
          3. Judgment comes on those who sin (Romans 2:1-3)
      2. A review of her sins by God (Revelation 18:5-6)
        1. The reach of her sins – unto heaven (Revelation 18:5)
          1. The wickedness of Noah’s day (Genesis 6:11-13)
          2. The cry of Sodom (Genesis 18:20-21; Genesis 19:13; Isaiah 3:9)
        2. The remembrance of her sins – by God (Revelation 18:5; Jeremiah 14:10)
        3. The reward of her sins – double (Revelation 18:6; Jeremiah 16:18)
      3. A rebuke of her pride before God (Revelation 18:7)
        1. She glorified herself (Daniel 5:22-23)
        2. She lived deliciously (Amos 6:1-7)
        3. She spoke with herself: “saith in her heart” (Luke 12:16-20)
      4. A reaping of judgment from God (Revelation 18:8)
        1. Quick judgment – “in one day”
        2. Multiplied judgment
          1. Death
          2. Mourning
          3. Famine
        3. Complete judgment – “utterly burned”
        4. Powerful judgment – “strong is the Lord God who judgeth her” (Psalm 62:11; Joel 2:11; Isaiah 26:4)
  3. THE MOURNING OVER BABYLON (Revelation 18:9-19)
    1. The Mourning of the Kings (Revelation 18:9-10)
      1. Their past actions (Revelation 18:9)
        1. They committed fornication with her
        2. They lived deliciously with her (the “pleasures of sin” – Hebrews 11:25)
      2. Their present reaction (Revelation 18:9-10)
        1. They see the smoke of her burning (Revelation 18:9)
        2. They lament for her (Revelation 18:9)
        3. They wail for her (Revelation 18:9)
        4. They stand afar off for fear (Revelation 18:10; compare Numbers 16:34)
        5. They cry out in anguish (Revelation 18:10)
          1. Because of the destruction of such a mighty city
          2. Because of the quickness of the destruction – “in one hour” (Revelation 18:17, 19); compare with “one day” (Revelation 18:8)
    2. The Merchandise of the Kings (Revelation 18:11-14)
      1. The loss of their merchandise (Revelation 18:11)
      2. The listing of their merchandise (Revelation 18:12-13)
        1. Gold
        2. Silver
        3. Precious stones
        4. Pearls
        5. Fine linen
        6. Purple
        7. Silk
        8. Scarlet
        9. Thyine wood
        10. Vessels of ivory
        11. Vessels of precious wood
        12. Vessels of brass
        13. Iron
        14. Marble
        15. Cinnamon
        16. Odours [perfumes]
        17. Ointments
        18. Frankincense
        19. Wine
        20. Oil
        21. Fine flour
        22. Wheat
        23. Beasts
        24. Sheep
        25. Horses
        26. Chariots
        27. Slaves
        28. Souls of men (Matthew 23:15; 2 Peter 2:3)
      3. The desirability of their merchandise (Revelation 18:14)
        1. The fruits after which their soul lusted (1 Corinthians 10:6)
        2. The things that were dainty (Psalm 141:4; Proverbs 23:3, 6)
        3. The things that were goodly (Deuteronomy 8:12-14)
    3. The Mourning of the Merchants (Revelation 18:15-19)
      1. Their fear of receiving the same torment (Revelation 18:15)
      2. Their shock at the swiftness of judgment (Revelation 18:16-17)
      3. Their sorrow at the loss of the great city (Revelation 18:18-19)
  4. THE REJOICING OVER BABYLON (Revelation 18:20-24)
    1. From the Inhabitants of Heaven (Revelation 18:20)
      1. Rejoice over her (Revelation 19:1-2)
      2. God has avenged you (Psalm 58:10; Psalm 94:1; Luke 18:7-8)
    2. As a Stone Cast Into the Sea (Revelation 18:21; Jeremiah 51:63-64)
    3. Her Sounds to be Heard No More (Revelation 18:22)
      1. No musicians
      2. No craftsmen
      3. No grinders (Ecclesiastes 12:3)
    4. Her Light to be Seen No More (Revelation 18:23a)
      1. No more light of the candle
      2. No more voice of the bridegroom or bride
    5. Her Merchants to Cease (Revelation 18:23b)
      1. They were the great men of the earth
      2. They deceived the nations by their sorceries
        1. Sorcery is to have magical or supernatural power over others; often accomplished by casting spells or enchantments and with the aid of evil spirits
        2. The first sorcerers in the Bible are the magicians of Egypt (Exodus 7:11)
        3. Sorceries are connected to enchantments [spells] (Isaiah 47:9, 12; Acts 8:11)
        4. The last days are characterized by sorceries and sorcerers (Revelation 9:21)
        5. Sorcerers will be cast into the lake of fire (Revelation 21:8; Revelation 22:15)
    6. Her Persecutions to be Felt No More (Revelation 18:24)
      1. Guilty of the blood of prophets and saints
      2. Guilty of all the slain upon the earth
David Reagan

Daily Proverb

Proverbs 17:7

Excellent speech becometh not a fool: much less do lying lips a prince.