Various Kings of Israel and Judah

Scripture Passage: 
2 Kings 15:8-38
Attached audio files: 

  1. 11.18 MB

INTRODUCTION: This passage records the reigns of five kings of Israel and one king of Judah. It is mostly a story of conspiracies and short reigns. Especially in Israel, we see the time growing short as the reigns become less and less stable. Judgment is coming soon and time for true repentance is fading away. The end of the reign of Pekah of Israel (2 Kings 15:31) is only ten years and one more king away from the Assyrian captivity which destroys the kingdom of Israel in the north.

  1. ZACHARIAH KING OF ISRAEL (2 Kings 15:8-12)
    1. The Details of His Reign (2 Kings 15:8)
      1. The Details of His Reign (2 Kings 15:8)
      2. Reigned in Samaria for 6 months
    2. The Character of His Reign (2 Kings 15:9)
      1. Did evil in the sight of the Lord
      2. Departed not from the sins of Jeroboam
    3. The End of His Reign (2 Kings 15:10-11)
      1. The conspiracy against him by Shallum (2 Kings 15:10)
        1. Conspired against him
        2. Smote him before the people
        3. Slew him
        4. Reigned in his stead
      2. The rest of his acts (2 Kings 15:11)
    4. The End of the House of Jehu (2 Kings 15:12)
      1. The fourth generation of Jehu to reign
        1. Jehoahaz (2 Kings 13:1)
        2. Jehoash (2 Kings 13:10)
        3. Jeroboam (2 Kings 13:13); the second king called Jeroboam
        4. Zachariah (2 Kings 14:29)
      2. The fulfillment of God’s promise to Jehu (2 Kings 10:30)
  2. SHALLUM KING OF ISRAEL (2 Kings 15:13-16)
    1. The Details of His Reign (2 Kings 15:13)
      1. Began in the 39th year of Uzziah or Azariah
      2. Reigned for one month in Samaria
    2. The End of His Reign (2 Kings 15:14-15)
      1. The conspiracy against him by Menahem (2 Kings 15:14)
        1. Went up from Tirzah
          1. City in Ephraim that served as an early capital of Israel (1 Kings 14:17; 1 Kings 15:21; 1 Kings 16:6, 8, 9, 15, 17, 23)
          2. Omri (father of Ahab) moved the capital of Israel to Samaria (1 Kings 16:23-28).
          3. Omri (father of Ahab) moved the capital of Israel to Samaria (1 Kings 16:23-28).
        2. Slew Shallum in Samaria
        3. Reigned in his stead
      2. The rest of his acts (2 Kings 15:15)
    3. The Successor to His Kingdom (2 Kings 15:16)
      1. The destruction of Menahem
      2. The cruelty of Menahem
  3. MENAHEM KING OF ISRAEL (2 Kings 15:17-22)
    1. The Details of his Reign (2 Kings 15:17)
      1. Began in the 39th year of Uzziah or Azariah
      2. Reigned in Samaria 10 years
    2. The Character of His Reign (2 Kings 15:18)
      1. Did evil in the sight of the Lord
      2. Departed not from the sins of Jeroboam
    3. The Tribute Given to Assyria (2 Kings 15:19-20)
      1. The tribute demanded by Assyria (2 Kings 15:19)
        1. The invasion of Pul king of Assyria
        2. Menahem’s gift of 1000 talents of silver
        3. Pul’s agreement to confirm the reign of Menahem
      2. The money taken from Israel (2 Kings 15:20); the mighty men of wealth each gave 50 shekels so the king of Assyria would turn back.
    4. The End of His Reign (2 Kings 15:21-22)
      1. The rest of his acts are in the chronicles of Israel’s kings (2 Kings 15:21).
      2. When he died, his son reigned in his stead (2 Kings 15:22).
  4. PEKAHIAH KING OF ISRAEL (2 Kings 15:23-26)
    1. The Details of His Reign (2 Kings 15:23)
      1. Began in the 50th year of Uzziah or Azariah
      2. Reigned in Samaria for 2 years
    2. The Character of His Reign (2 Kings 15:24)
      1. Did evil in the sight of the Lord
      2. Departed not from the sins of Jeroboam
    3. The End of His Reign (2 Kings 15:25-26)
      1. The conspiracy against him by Pekah (2 Kings 15:25)
        1. Smote him in the palace in Samaria
        2. Argob and Arich died with the king.
        3. Fifty Gileadites conspired with Pekah.
        4. Pekah reigned in his stead.
      2. The rest of his acts (2 Kings 15:26)
  5. PEKAH KING OF ISRAEL (2 Kings 15:27-31)
    1. The Details of His Reign (2 Kings 15:27)
      1. Began in the 52nd year of Uzziah or Azariah
      2. Reigned in Samaria for 20 years
    2. The Character of His Reign (2 Kings 15:28)
      1. Did evil in the sight of the Lord
      2. Departed not from the sins of Jeroboam
    3. The Partial Captivity of the Land (2 Kings 15:29)
      1. The invasion of Tiglathpileser king of Assyria
      2. The taking of large portions of Israel (1 Chronicles 5:26)
        1. Ijon
        2. Abelbethmaachah
        3. Janaoh
        4. Kedesh
        5. Hazor
        6. Gilead
        7. Galilee
        8. All the land of Naphtali
      3. The carrying into captivity
    4. The End of His Reign (2 Kings 15:30-31)
      1. The conspiracy against him by Hoshea (2 Kings 15:30)
        1. Smote him, slew him and reigned in his stead
        2. In the 20th year of Jotham son of Uzziah or Azariah
      2. The rest of his acts (2 Kings 15:31)
  6. JOTHAM KING OF JUDAH (2 Kings 15:32-38)
    1. The Details of His Reign (2 Kings 15:32-33)
      1. The son of Uzziah or Azariah (2 Kings 15:32)
      2. Began in the 2nd year of Pekah (2 Kings 15:32)
      3. Began when he was 25 years old (2 Kings 15:33)
      4. Reigned for 16 years in Jerusalem (2 Kings 15:33)
      5. His mother was Jerusha, daughter of Zadok (2 Kings 15:33).
    2. The Character of His Reign (2 Kings 15:34-35a)
      1. Did right in the sight of the Lord (2 Kings 15:34)
      2. He prepared his ways before the Lord his God (2 Chronicles 27:6).
      3. Did not remove the high places so the people continued to sacrifice there (2 Kings 15:35a; 2 Chronicles 27:2)
    3. The Events of His Reign (2 Kings 15:35b-37)
      1. His building projects (2 Kings 15:35b; 2 Chronicles 27:3-4)
      2. His conquests (2 Chronicles 27:5)
      3. The rest of this acts (2 Kings 15:36)
      4. His adversaries (2 Kings 15:37)
        1. Rezin king of Syria
        2. Pekah king of Israel
    4. The End of His Reign (2 Kings 15:38)
      1. Buried with his fathers in the city of David
      2. Ahaz his son reigned in his stead.

CONCLUSION: Israel’s wickedness leads to an unstable environment. This further emphasizes the importance of Uzziah’s righteousness and stability in Judah.

David Reagan and Andrew Ray

Daily Proverb

Proverbs 15:28

The heart of the righteous studieth to answer: but the mouth of the wicked poureth out evil things.