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The Fall of the House of Haman

INTRODUCTION: Though it seemed at one time all hope was gone for the Jews, God brought deliverance in the end. When God delivered, it was not just a partial deliverance. He gave an absolute, miraculous deliverance from Haman and from the decree to destroy the Jews. We can learn much about the power and goodness of God from this lesson.

  1. ESTHERS PETITION (Esther 7:1-6)
    1. The Second Banquet (Esther 7:1-2)
      1. With the king and Haman (Esther 7:1)
      2. With the kings promise (Esther 7:2; compare Jeremiah 33:3; Matthew 7:7-11; Philippians 4:6; James 4:2)
        1. Her petition to be granted
        2. Her request to be performed to the half of the kingdom (Mark 6:23)
    2. Her Request for Deliverance (Esther 7:3-4)
      1. For her life (Esther 7:3)
        1. If she had found favour in the sight of the king
        2. If it pleased the king
      2. For the life of her people (Esther 7:3-4)
        1. They were sold.
        2. They were given to be destroyed.
      3. For the kings benefit (Esther 7:4; Genesis 12:1-3)
        1. Slavery would have been a better option.
        2. For slavery, Esther would have held her tongue.
        3. But the kings loss would still have been great. Note: countervail means to make up for; that is, Esthers people were valuable to the king and no matter how much Haman (the enemy) might pay for their destruction (Esther 4:7), he could not recompense the king for their loss.
    3. Her Revelation of the Enemy (Esther 7:5-6)
      1. At the kings request (Esther 7:5)
        1. Who was this man?
        2. Where was this man?
        3. Who would dare do this thing?
      2. Before the kings face (Esther 7:6)
        1. He was the wicked Haman.
        2. Haman was afraid.
  2. HAMANS DEATH (Esther 7:7-10)
    1. The Anger of the King (Esther 7:7-8)
      1. The kings walk in the garden (Esther 7:7a)
        1. He arose in his wrath.
        2. He went to the palace garden.
      2. Hamans pleading with Esther (Esther 7:7b)
        1. He stood to make request for his life.
        2. He saw the evil determined against him (1 Samuel 25:17).
      3. The kings accusation against Haman (Esther 7:8a; compare Esther 3:8; Psalm 7:14-16)
        1. The king returned from the garden.
        2. Haman was on Esthers bed pleading for his life.
        3. The king accused Haman of attacking Esther. Note: just as Haman made false accusations against the Jews, so Haman in the end received a false accusation against him.
      4. The covering of Hamans face (Esther 7:8b; Romans 3:19); one day the rejecters of God will not be permitted to speak for themselves any more.
    2. The Hanging of Haman (Esther 7:9-10)
      1. The discovery of Hamans gallows (Esther 7:9)
      2. The death of the Jews enemy (Esther 7:10)
  3. MORDECAIS PROMOTION (Esther 8:1-8; Psalm 75:6-7)
    1. The Gifts of the King (Esther 8:1-2)
      1. The house of Haman to Esther (Esther 8:1)
      2. The kings ring to Mordecai (Esther 8:2; compare Esther 3:10)
        1. The kings ring was taken from Haman.
        2. The kings ring was given to Mordecai.
        3. Esther set Mordecai over the house of Haman.
    2. The Queens Second Petition (Esther 8:3-6)
      1. Her entrance to the king (Esther 8:3-4)
        1. She approached the throne yet again (Esther 8:3).
        2. The king held out the golden scepter (Esther 8:4).
      2. Her request for a reverse decree (Esther 8:5-6)
    3. The Commissioning of Mordecai (Esther 8:7-8)
      1. His blessings to Esther (Esther 8:7)
      2. His blessings on the Jews (Esther 8:8)
  4. THE KINGS DECREE (Esther 8:9-14)
    1. The Writing of the Decree (Esther 8:9-10)
      1. To every people (Esther 8:9; this is the longest verse in the Bible.)
        1. Written on the 23rd day of the 3rd month (Sivan)
        2. Written according to Mordecais commandment
        3. Sent to the 127 provinces of Persia
        4. Given to all according to their own language
      2. In the kings name (Esther 8:10)
    2. The Content of the Decree (Esther 8:11-12)
      1. That the Jews protect themselves (Esther 8:11)
      2. On the thirteenth day of the twelfth month (Esther 8:12)
    3. The Publishing of the Decree (Esther 8:13-14)
      1. The making of the copies (Esther 8:13)
      2. The sending of the posts (Esther 8:14; compare Psalm 2:7; Psalm 60:4; Psalm 68:11)
  5. THE JEWS GLADNESS (Esther 8:15-17)
    1. The Clothing of Mordecai (Esther 8:15)
      1. Royal apparel of blue and white
      2. A great crown of gold
      3. A garment of fine linen and purple
      4. Among the rejoicing of the city of Shushan
    2. The Joy of the Jews (Esther 8:16-17)
      1. The happiness of the Jews (Esther 8:16)
      2. The feasting of the Jews (Esther 8:17)
      3. The outreach of the Jews (Esther 8:17)
        1. Many people became Jews.
        2. The fear of the Jews fell on them (Zechariah 8:20-23).

CONCLUSION: One of our great joys is to see God work out insurmountable problems in His own special way. This working of God to bring all things together for good in the lives of believers is called providence. We must thank God for His providential working.